rat MLP (Muc-2)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Unlike most other mucins described to date, two intestinal mucins, rat MLP (rat Muc2) and human MUC2 have a C-terminal tail that is enriched in cationic amino acids. The distribution of charge in each case resembles that of several well known heparin binding proteins. Peptides designated E20-14 and F13-15, corresponding to the C-terminal 14 amino acids of the two mucins, were synthesized and shown to bind3H-labelled heparin by a process that was saturable and mediated by strong electrostatic interactions, givingK d values of 10−7 to 10−8 m. Using turbidometric analyses and native gel electrophoresis, we observed that peptide-heparin mixtures formed polydisperse aggregates that dissociated with a progressive increase in the concentration of heparin. Under certain conditions heparin protected the peptide from proteolysis by trypsin. Both heparin and dextran sulfate, the latter a highly sulfated synthetic polysaccharide, were potent inhibitors of3H-heparin binding to peptide E20-14, while less sulfated glycosaminoglycans were poorly- or non-inhibitory. Mucin in tissue dispersions and homogenates, or purified from rat intestine, did not bind to heparin, and failed to interact with an antibody specific for the peptide E20-14. Both mucin samples however, reacted with antibodies that recognize regions upstream of the C-terminal 14 amino acids. Immunofluorescent localization of E20-14 was confined to the basal perinuclear regions of goblet cells, whereas localization of an antibody to a flanking sequence on the N-terminal side of the C-tail, localized to mature mucin storage granules. These findings suggest that the heparin-binding C-tail of the mucin may be removed at an early stage of biosynthesis. Heparin-mucin complexes, if they formin vivo, are thus likely to be confined to the ER and/or Golgi compartments.
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