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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1600-0714
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: adhesion molecules ; angiogenesis ; immunohistochemistry ; prognosis ; selectins ; tumor vascularity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Angiogenesis is the formation of new capillaries from the existing vascular network and is essential for tumor growth and metastases. Increased microvessel density in breast cancer is associated with lymph node metastasis and reduced survival. We have assessed tumor vascularity in 211 breast carcinomas using a more rapid technique based on a Chalkley point eyepiece graticule. We confirmed using this method a significant reduction in overall survival between patients stratified by Chalkley count in both a univariate (p=0.02) and multivariate (p=0.05) analysis. Since studies have suggested that cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) might be important in the angiogenic process, and interaction of neoplastic cells with this neovasculature is a significant step in tumor metastasis, we have also examined the expression of CAMs in a subset of these tumors (n=64). Using immunohistochemistry we observed widespread and intense staining on the endothelium of tumor-associated vessels for PECAM (100%), ICAM 1 (69%), and E- and P-selectins (52% and 59% of cases respectively). Endothelial expression of the selectins was more prominent at the tumor periphery. Immunoreactivity of ICAM-1 (34%), PECAM (1.6%), and E- and P-selectins (7% and 37% of cases respectively) was also observed on the neoplastic element of the tumors.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2222
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Angiogenesis plays critical roles in various pathological mechanisms. It has been hypothesized that the vascularity in allergic nasal mucosa is different from that in normal mucosa, and that changes in the vascular network contributes the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.〈section xml:id="abs1-2"〉〈title type="main"〉ObjectiveTo determine whether hypervascularity and overexpression of the platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), an angiogenic factor, are found in allergic nasal mucosa and whether these two factors are associated with the allergic reaction.〈section xml:id="abs1-3"〉〈title type="main"〉MethodsWe investigated the expression of PD-ECGF and counted microvessels in 51 nasal mucosae (30 samples from patients with allergic rhinitis and 21 samples as control from normal subjects) using an immunohistochemical technique.〈section xml:id="abs1-4"〉〈title type="main"〉ResultsPD-ECGF expression in allergic nasal mucosae was significantly higher than that in control mucosae at the interstitium of the lamina propria (P = 0.0024) and nasal gland (P = 0.024). PD-ECGF positive areas were coincident with areas of high vascularity in the sections. The microvessel count in the lamina propria of allergic mucosae was higher than that of control mucosae (P = 0.050). Regarding the correlation with various clinical factors, the total nasal symptom score was significantly associated with both the PD-ECGF expression in the interstitium of the lamina propria (P 〈 0.05) and in the nasal gland (P 〈 0.005), as well as with the number of vessels (P 〈 0.05).〈section xml:id="abs1-5"〉〈title type="main"〉ConclusionPD-ECGF and hypervascularity in the nasal mucosa may be involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Histopathology 14 (1989), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In an immunocytochemical study of 41 human lung tumours we have shown that Langerhans cells can be reliably identified using the anti-CD1 monoclonal antibody NA1/34. Langerhans cells are present in all the main varieties of human lung tumour although they are infrequent in both small cell carcinoma and carcinoid tumour. There is considerable variation in numbers of Langerhans cells in both adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas. In this study tumours were divided into those with high numbers of Langerhans cells (〉 2 per high power field) and those with low numbers (〈 2 per high power field). Analysing these results against patient survival showed a markedly worse survival in those tumours with a high number of Langerhans cells for all the tumours as a single group and for squamous cell carcinoma as a single entity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: breast cancer ; chemotherapy ; platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor ; prediction ; thymidine phosphorylase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) catalyses the reversiblephosphorylation of thymidine to thymine and 2-deoxyribose-1-phosphate. Highexpression of TP in cell lines potentiates the effects of the cytotoxic drugs5-fluorouracil and methotrexate, both of which are used in thecyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil and methotrexate (CMF) treatment regimen ofbreast cancer. Patients and methods: We therefore examined the expression of thisenzyme in 328 invasive breast carcinomas using immunohistochemistry andassessed whether the expression of this enzyme by the tumour predicts patientresponse to CMF in node-positive patients. Results: Whereas no significant difference in either relapse-freesurvival (RFS) (P = 0.2) or overall survival (OS) (P = 0.07) wasobserved between TP-negative and -positive tumours in non-treated patients,there was a significant increase in both RFS (P = 0.02) and OS (P = 0.02) inpatients treated with CMF in TP-positive compared with TP-negativetumours. A multivariate analysis of the 134 node-positive patientsdemonstrated that in ductal carcinomas, TP was an independent variable for OS. Conclusions: This pilot study suggests that patients with TP-positivetumours have a significant survival benefit when treated with CMF and supportsthe hypothesis that TP enhances tumour sensitivity to the anti-metabolites5-fluorouracil and methotrexate.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1569-8041
    Keywords: breast cancer ; fibroblast growth factor ; microvasculature
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Angiogenesis, the process whereby endothelial cells divide and migrate to form new blood capillaries, has been assessed in tumours by measuring microvessel density. High microvessel density is a significant adverse prognostic factor in breast cancer. The angiogenic factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), has been associated with tumourigenesis and metastasis in several human cancers. There are few quantitative studies of bFGF expression in normal tissues compared to cancer. Patients and methods: We have measured bFGF levels in 149 human primary breast carcinomas and assessed the findings in relation to microvessel density, oestrogen receptor (ER) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Basic FGF levels were measured by ELISA. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were carreid out to confirm the presence of bFGF. Results: Levels of bFGF were more than 10-fold higher in tumour cytosols compared to reduction mammoplasty tissue and 3-fold compared to non neoplastic cytosols from the same breast as the tumour (P 〈 0.0001). Immunohistochemistry showed bFGF protein was localised exclusively in the stroma whereas no bFGF staining was observed in the epithelial cells. High bFGF levels were significantly related to high ER (P = 0.01). Similarly, high bFGF levels were significantly related to low grade (P = 0.046) and to small tumour size (P = 0.04). No significant relationship was observed between bFGF and microvessel count, EGFR or age. In univariate analysis and in a Cox proportional hazard model bFGF did not reach significance for overall or relapse free survival. Conclusions: Our results show that although bFGF is elevated in breast carcinomas compared to normal breast tissue it is not related to microvessel density and it is not an independent predictor of survival in breast cancer patients. Basic FGF may be one of multiple factors that synergise with other growth factors such as VEGF to enhance angiogenesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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