Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Epithelial rudiments of adenohypohysis were removed from chick and quail embryos between days 3 and 5 of development. Chick rudiments were grafted for 11-13 days onto the chorioallantoic membrane of decapitated chick embryo hosts. Quail rudiments were cultivated in vitro for 6 days. Both grafted and cultivated Rathke's pouches differentiated into adenohypophyseal tissue. The adenohypophyseal tissue cultured on chorio-allantoic membrane exhibited cells reacting with the following immune sera: anti-β-(1-24)ACTH, anti-α-(17-39)-ACTH, anti-α-endorphin, anti-β-endorphin and anti-β-LPH, which also gave a positive reaction when applied to adenohypophysis of corresponding age which had differentiated in situ. In situ, corticotrophs were located exclusively in the cephalic lobe of adenohypophysis. Therefore, the differentiation of corticotrophs in the whole graft, i.e., from both cephalic and caudal lobes of Rathke's pouch, showed that the cells of the caudal lobe, or at least some of them, were uncommitted when the rudiment was removed. In vitro, tissue derived from Rathke's pouch contained cells reacting with antibodies to β-(1-24)-ACTH, α-(17-39)-ACTH, and β-LPH, as did adenohypophysis from quail embryos of corresponding age (9-10 days), differentiated in situ. The differentiation of quail Rathke's pouch in vitro corroborates that differentiation can occur without influence from hypothalamus and, moreover, shows that at least some kinds of cells can differentiate without influence exerted by any other encephalic factors, and in the absence of mesenchyme. The question arises whether fibroblastic cells derived from Rathke's pouch cells act as feeder-cells and/or secrete some factors promoting differentiation.
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