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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-9686
    Keywords: Image analysis ; Tissue engineering ; Bioreactor ; Safranin O
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract Cartilage tissue engineering can provide a valuable tool for controlled studies of tissue development. As an example, analysis of the spatial distribution of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in sections of cartilaginous tissues engineered under different culture conditions could be used to correlate the effects of environmental factors with the structure of the regenerated tissue. In this paper we describe a computer-based technique for quantitative analysis of safranin-O stained histological sections, using low magnification light microscopy images. We identified a parameter to quantify the intensity of red color in the sections, which in turn was proportional to the biochemically determined wet weight fraction of GAG in corresponding tissue samples, and to describe the spatial distribution of GAG as a function of depth from the section edge. A broken line regression model was then used to determine the thickness of an external region, with lower GAG fractions, and the spatial rate of change in GAG content. The method was applied to the quantitatation of GAG distribution in samples of natural and engineered cartilage, cultured for 6 weeks in three different vessels: static flasks, mixed flasks, and rotating bioreactors. © 1999 Biomedical Engineering Society. PAC99: 8780Rb, 8715Mi, 8763Lk
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1546-1696
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: [Auszug] Synthetic polymer scaffolds designed for cell transplantation were reproducibly made on a large scale and studied with respect to biocompatibility, structure and biodegradation rate. Polyglycolic acid (PGA) was extruded and oriented to form 13 μm diameter fibers with desired tenacity. Textile ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Cartilage constructs were grown using isolated chondrocytes and biodegradable polymer scaffolds made of fibrous polyglycolic acid in the form of 1-cm-dia × 5-mm-thick discs. The scaffolds were seeded in a mixed cell suspension and cultured for up to 8 weeks under static or mixed tissue culture conditions in petri dishes and spinner flasks. Turbulent mixing significantly improved the biochemical compositions and altered morphologies of the cartilage constructs, which were the thickest ones cultured to date in vitro. Constructs from mixed cultures were more regular in shape and contained up to 70% more cells, 60% more sulfated glycosaminoglycan, and 125% more total collagen when compared to constructs from static cultures. Mixing also induced the formation of an outer capsule with multiple layers of elongated cells and collagen fibrils around the inner tissue phase, while statically grown constructs consisted of round cells embedded in cartilaginous matrix. Mixing during cell seeding and tissue culture is thus an important parameter for the cultivation of tissue-engineered cartilage in a range of sizes, shapes and compositions for a variety of clinical applications (e.g., fibrous cartilage for reconstructive surgery or articular cartilage for joint resurfacing).
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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