Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract We show that the voltage-gated K+ and Ca2+ currents of rat osteoblastic cells are strongly modulated by arachidonic acid (AA), and that these modulations are very sensitive to the AA concentration. At 2 or 3 μm, AA reduces the amplitude and accelerates the inactivation of the K+ current activated by depolarization; at higher concentrations (≥5 μm), AA still blocks this K+ current, but also induces a very large noninactivating K+ current. At 2 or 3 μm, AA enhances the T-type Ca2+ current, close to its threshold of activation, whereas at 10 μm, it blocks that current. AA (1–10 μm) also blocks the dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type Ca2+ current. Thus, the effect of AA on Ca2+ entry through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels can change qualitatively with the AA concentration: at 2 or 3 μm, AA will favor Ca2+ entry through T channels, both by lowering the voltage-gated K+ conductance and by increasing the T current, whereas at 10 μm, AA will prevent Ca2+ entry through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, both by inducing a K+ conductance and by blocking Ca2+ channels.
Type of Medium: