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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The authors give a short report of ophthalmic treatment in Asclepieia by the priests, who had learned these cures through tradition from other priests. This can be testified by the writings on the stone tablets, which were found in the excavations of the Asclepieion at Epidaurus (1883). They give information concerning illnesses and their treatment. From this historical source we selected certain cases with eye-diseases and their treatment. Included is a part from Aristophanes' comedy “Ploutos”, giving interesting ophthalmic treatments. p]These treatments by the priests, representing God Asclepius, mainly took the form of medicines and operations performed in a psychologically mysterious atmosphere.
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  • 2
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    Springer
    Documenta ophthalmologica 68 (1988), S. 121-124 
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The authors give a short report of the “Injuries of the Eye” by the Byzantine writer Aetios Amidinos. He wrote 16 medical books, among them “The 7th Logos”, including Eye Diseases. In all his writings, there is a substantial resort to ancient medical literature, mainly to the books of Galen. He describes the Eye Injuries in 5 chapters with remarkable critical ability and suitable treatment. Thus he is acknowledged as one of the most cultured and productive writers of that period.
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  • 3
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    Springer
    Documenta ophthalmologica 74 (1990), S. 125-133 
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract After a short introduction to the Homeric Epics, the name of Homer and the time and place where the poems were written, the authors refer to the terms of the eyes and to the verses where they are found. Among these terms, the most important is the term oφθaλμóς, the first term for the eye in ophthalmology, which has remained throughout the years unchanged. Finally, they refer to the injuries of the eyes, the participation of the two sons of Asclepios in the Trojan campaign and to the verses including the classical paragraph ‘ ... a doctor is more capable than the other men ...’ Both Epics relating to the cardinal human values: prudence, temperance, fortitude and justice, contain the lofty ideal of human excellence, called by the Greeks aϱετη.
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  • 4
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    Springer
    Documenta ophthalmologica 74 (1990), S. 37-48 
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The authors analyze the diseases described in the chapter ‘Concerning the maladies of the eye’ by the outstanding Byzantine author Aetius Amidenus. Where possible, the authors try to compare the medical ideas of Aetius with the up-to-date nosologic entities. To give a more comprehensive analysis, the authors try to complete the classification of diseases on an anatomic basis, following in most of the points that of Aetius. The ophthalmological diseases are classified as follows: a) eye-lids; b) cornea; c) sclera and conjunctiva; d) anterior chamber, iris and lens; e) lacrymal ducts; f) disturbances of the vision; and g) various others. The authors emphasize that the seventh chapter (Z′ logos) constitutes a significant ophthalmologic manual, containing almost all the pertinent knowledge of that time.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Keywords: History of Ophthalmology ; Byzantium
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The historical importance of information on ophthalmological topics by Byzantine chroniclers and historians prompted us to enlarge our researches on this subject. Thus we present 17 various subjects in continuation of our previous article published in Documenta Ophthalmologica, ‘History of Ophthalmology’ (Vol. 5, 121–132, 1992).
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  • 6
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    Springer
    Documenta ophthalmologica 68 (1988), S. 3-8 
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-2622
    Keywords: History of ophthalmology ; glaucoma ; cataract
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The authors deal with the meaning of the terms glaucosis and hypochyma, in the texts of ancient Greek and Byzantine medical writers. The analysis of these texts shows us that the meanings of these terms do not correspond to the modern ones. In the texts the term glaucosis corresponds to the modern cataract, and the term hypochyma to the pathological formation of a kind of membrane which appears in the space of the pupil, due to coagulation of a fluid.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1435-702X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Bericht über 150 Augen, die mit der mikrochirurgischen Methode der Goniotrepanation behandelt wurden in einem Zeitraum von 2–4 Jahren. Die Erfahrungen dieser Studie können wie folgt zusammengefaßt werden: a) die Regulierung des intraocularen Druckes gelang in 91% der Fälle. b) Excessive Hypotonie konnte verhindert werden. Mittlere intraoculare Druckwerte zwischen 12 mm Hg und 14 mm Hg. c) Erreichung einer ebenmäßigen Filtrationsstelle über dem Trepanloch, welche das Auftreten von polyzystischen conjunktivalen Degenerationen auf 8,5% herabsetzt. Diese Erscheinung ist häufig bei den bisher üblichen Filteroperationen. d) Erhaltung der visuellen Funktionen mit einem hohen Prozentsatz der operierten Augen. Nur in 5% Herabsetzung des subjektiven Visus ohne feststellbare Befundverschlechterung. e) Die Vorzüge der Goniotrepanation, die oben aufgezählt wurden, werden durch die Beobachtungen über mindestens 2 Jahre erhärtet. Sie zeigen die Effizienz dieser operativen Prozedur und erklären die Beliebtheit der Goniotrepanation bis auf unsere Tage.
    Notes: Summary The conclusions from the current data on the goniotrepanation, which are based upon the systematic observations on 175 eyes operated on with this microsurgical procedure and for a period of 2 to 4 years, can be characterized as follows: a) Intraocular pressure regulation obtained in 91% of the cases. b) Avoiding excessive hypotony. Mean intraocular pressure value postoperatively 12 to 14 mm Hg. c) Achieving a regular level filtration site overlying the trephination hole, limiting polycystic conjunctival degeneration to 8.5%, which is common with the usual filtration procedures. d) Maintenance of intact visual function in a great percentage of the operated eyes, with a decrease in visual acuity in 5% without any observable visual deterioration. e) The advantages of goniotrepanation listed above, emanating from observations over a 2-year period, point explicitly to the effectiveness of this operative procedure and explain the survival of goniotrepanation up to the present.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1435-702X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
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