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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Campylobacter fetus utilizes paracrystalline surface (S-) layer proteins that confer complement resistance and that undergo antigenic variation to facilitate persistent mucosal colonization in ungulates. C. fetus possesses multiple homologues of sapA, each of which encode full-length S-layer proteins. Disruption of sapA by a gene targeting method (insertion of kanamycin (km) resistance) caused the loss of C. fetus cells bearing full-length S-layer proteins and their replacement by cells bearing a 50 kDa truncated protein that was not exported to the cell surface. After incubation of the mutants with serum, the survival rate was approximately 2 × 10-2. Immunoblots of survivors showed that phenotypic reversion involving high-level production of full-length (98, 127 or 149 kDa) S-layer proteins had occurred. Revertants were serum resistant but caused approximately 10-fold less bacteraemia in orally challenged mice than did the wild-type strain. Southern hybridizations of the revertants showed rearrangement of sapA homologues and retention of the km marker. These results indicate that there exists high-frequency generation of C. fetus sapA antigenic variants, and that intracellular mechanisms acting at the level of DNA reciprocal recombination play key roles in this phenomenon.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Key wordsEscherichia coli ; Capsule ; Serotype ; Edema disease ; Electron microscopy ; Cell adhesion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The fine structure of the cell surface of seven enterotoxemic Escherichia coli (ETEEC) O139:K12 strains isolated from piglets with edema disease were examined electron microscopically using both the negative-staining method and the freeze-substitution fixation method. Densely packed, fine fibers were observed; they consisted of a capsule layer approximately 25 nm thick around the cell surfaces of strains 107/86, IW-2, ED-3, ED-43, and ED-61, all of which have a capacity to adhere strongly to HEp-2 cells. In contrast, no such structure was observed on the surface of strains RK-O139 or ED-1, both of which adhere only weakly to HEp-2 cells. These results suggest that the capsule structure might be associated with the ability to adhere to HEp-2 cells and, as a result, also potentially play some role in ETEEC infection.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Key wordsCampylobacter fetus ; sapA ; Conserved ; region ; S-layer ; Pulsed field gel electrophoresis ; Southern blot ; Strain typing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Chromosomal DNA of 27 strains of Campylobacter fetus was analyzed by Southern blotting with a probe of the conserved region of sapA. The probe hybridized with 23 strains that produced type A lipopolysaccharide. These strains had more than six sapA homologs. In Southern blots of SalI-digested chromosomal DNA separated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, one fragment from 19 strains and two fragments from 4 strains hybridized. These data indicate that multiple sapA homologs are localized to a limited region on the chromosomal DNA of C. fetus and thus suggest the possibility of developing a typing system using this method.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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