Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Plasma fibronectin (FN) of flounder Paralichthys olivacem was purified and characterized. Flounder FN was purified by a combination of affinity chromatography using Sepharose coupled with flounder gelatin and gel filtration on Superose 6. Flounder FN was found to be a disulphide-linked heterodimer of 220 and 230 kDa polypeptides. It had cell-spreading activity for baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells, which was inhibited by the synthetic peptide, Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro. In flounder explants, anti-flounder FN antiserum distinguished fibroblast-like cells from epithelial cells; indirect immunofluorescence showed that the fibroblast-like cells exhibited a fibrous staining to the antiserum, but that epithelial cells did not. These results suggest that flounder FN is a homologue of mammalian FN.The localization of FN during re-epithelialization at the site of a severed fin was investigated. When the top of the fin was cut, epidermal cells covered the surface of the wound within 1 h. FN is detected at the wound site during epidermal cell migration, suggesting that it serves as a cell-adhesion factor for prompt re-epithelialization at wound sites.
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