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  • 1
    Keywords: Germany ; LUNG ; PERFUSION ; THERAPY ; CT ; imaging ; PATIENT ; MRI ; SEQUENCE ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; magnetic resonance imaging ; AGE ; STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS ; MORPHOLOGY ; PULMONARY PERFUSION ; BODY ; CHILDREN ; SEGMENTS ; FEASIBILITY ; BREATH-HOLD ; LUNG PERFUSION ; fibrosis ; WEIGHT ; IMPAIRMENT ; CYSTIC-FIBROSIS ; cystic fibrosis ; SMALL AIRWAYS ; DEFECT ; GRAPPA ; CIRCULATION ; lung morphology
    Abstract: This paper is a feasibility study of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lung perfusion in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) using contrast-enhanced 3D MRI. Correlation assessment of perfusion changes with structural abnormalities. Eleven CF patients (9 f, 2 m; median age 16 years) were examined at 1.5 T. Morphology: HASTE coronal, transversal (TR/TE/alpha/ST: 600 ms/28 ms/180 degrees/6 mm), breath-hold 18 s. Perfusion: Time-resolved 3D GRE pulse sequence (FLASH, TE/TR/alpha: 0.8/1.9 ms/40 degrees), parallel imaging (GRAPPA, PAT 2). Twenty-five data sets were acquired after intravenous injection of 0.1 mmol/kg body weight of gadodiamide, 3-5 ml/s. A total of 198 lung segments were analyzed by two radiologists in consensus and scored for morphological and perfusion changes. Statistical analysis was performed by Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test. Results showed that perfusion defects were observed in all patients and present in 80% of upper, and 39% of lower lobes. Normal lung parenchyma showed homogeneous perfusion (86%, P 〈 0.0001). Severe morphological changes led to perfusion defects (97%, P 〈 0.0001). Segments with moderate morphological changes showed normal (53%) or impaired perfusion (47%). In conclusion, pulmonary perfusion is easy to judge in segments with normal parenchyma or severe changes. In moderately damaged segments, MRI of lung perfusion may help to better assess actual functional impairment. Contrast-enhanced 3D MRI of lung perfusion has the potential for early vascular functional assessment and therapy control in CF patients
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16673092
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  • 2
    Keywords: Germany ; LUNG ; chest ; CT ; FOLLOW-UP ; imaging ; INFORMATION ; SYSTEM ; TOOL ; DEATH ; POPULATION ; computed tomography ; RESOLUTION ; PATIENT ; IMPACT ; CONTRAST ; MRI ; MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ; magnetic resonance imaging ; COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY ; CHILDREN ; LUNG PERFUSION ; ADULTS ; PHASE ; cystic fibrosis
    Abstract: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most frequent inherited disorder leading to premature death in the Caucasian population. As life expectancy is limited by pulmonary complications, repeated imaging [chest X-ray, multislice high-resolution computed tomography (MS-HRCT)] is required in the follow-up. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lung parenchyma is a promising new diagnostic tool. Its value for imaging lung changes caused by CF compared with CT is demonstrated. MRI performs well when compared with CT, which serves as the gold standard. Its lack in spatial resolution is obvious, but advantages in contrast and functional assessment compensate for this limitation. Thus, MRI is a reasonable alternative for imaging the CF lung and should be introduced as a radiation-free modality for follow-up studies in CF patients. For further evaluation of the impact of MRI, systematic studies comparing MRI and conventional imaging modalities are necessary. Furthermore, the value of the additional functional MRI (fMRI) information has to be studied, and a scoring system for the morphological and functional aspect of MRI has to be established
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16941092
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