Key words Computed tomography – Contrast media – Abdomen – Injuries – Computed tomography in infants and children
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Purpose: To determine the usefulness of oral contrast in CT scanning of children with blunt abdominal trauma by comparing scans performed with and without oral contrast. Methods: CT scans of 273 children with abdominal trauma and 40 without trauma were reviewed. Results: Of the trauma patients, 116 (43 %) were scanned with oral contrast, 157 (57 %) without. Among the children who underwent laparotomy, CT scanning identified 6 of 6 organ injuries in those scanned with oral contrast and 11 of 12 in those scanned without. CT scanning identified all bowel injuries. The pancreatic body and tail were significantly better visualized in scans with oral contrast. Detection of pancreatic or liver injury was not, however, significantly different in the two groups. Opacification of the bowel by contrast was significantly better in elective than in trauma patients. Conclusion: There was no difference in detection of injuries between children scanned with and without oral contrast.
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