Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Neural stem cells giving rise to neurons and glia cells have been isolated from the embryonic and adult central nervous system. The extent to which they are able to differentiate into cells of non-neural lineages, such as the hematopoietic lineage, is nonetheless unclear. We previously reported the isolation of stem cells from the mouse olfactory bulb neuroepithelium. In the present study, we analysed whether olfactory bulb stem cells (OBSC) can generate cells with hematopoietic features. Cells were prepared from the olfactory bulbs of transgenic mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). In culture, transgenic cells proliferated with the same kinetics as wild-type cells. Following mitogen removal, both cell types gave rise to similar numbers of neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, indicating that EGFP overexpression does not alter OBSC proliferation and differentiation patterns. When these cells were injected into the tail vein of irradiated mice, no hematopoietic cells derived from the OBSC could be recovered in their peripheral blood, spleen or bone marrow. By contrast, when OBSC were transplanted into the adult brain, EGFP-positive cells were found in the striatum and corpus callosum; differentiated cells expressed antigenic markers of neurons and astrocytes. These results suggest that embryonic olfactory bulb stem cells are not endowed with the potential to produce hematopoiesis.
Type of Medium: