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  • 1
    Keywords: CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; proliferation ; tumor ; carcinoma ; KINASE ; DISEASE ; PROTEIN ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TUMORS ; CONTRAST ; ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE ; PHOSPHORYLATION ; BREAST ; IN-SITU ; LESIONS ; immunohistochemistry ; MALIGNANCIES ; PATTERNS ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; CARCINOMAS ; INTERCELLULAR COMMUNICATION ; MALIGNANCY ; MOLECULAR-BASIS ; BASAL LAMINA ; breast carcinoma ; connexin43 ; GAP JUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION ; gap junctions
    Abstract: We applied an antiserum (SA226P) specifically recognizing the phosphorylated form of connexin43 (P-Cx43) to human breast samples including normal breast samples, with fibrocystic disease (FCD), fibroadenomas (FA), in situ and infiltrating carcinomas of all major types, and miscellaneous extramarnmary tumors. The findings were compared with those obtained with commercial antisera recognizing all Cx43 forms (pan-Cx43). A subset of samples was stained for Her2-neu and p44/42 to mitogen-activated protein kinase. Paraffin step sections were used. Immunoblots were performed on frozen samples of a representative subset of cases. In the normal breast, FCD, and FA, SA226P stained strongly and extensively most myoepithelial cells (MECs); luminal cells remained unstained. In proliferative FCD and some cellular FA, SA226P stained MEC and the capillary endothelium (CE). In ductal and lobular in situ carcinomas, SA226P reacted strongly and diffusely with the remaining MEC, the CE, and the transformed luminal cells. SA226P stained all infiltrating carcinomas except the tubular variant. In all breast carcinomas, the CE within and adjacent to tumors and some myofibroblasts stained with SA226P. By contrast, pan-Cx43 stained weakly and sporadically the MEC and rare samples of invasive carcinomas. Notably, Mab p44/42 reacted in parallel with the samples stained with SA226P, whereas reactions with Her2 were negative. Immunoblot findings paralleled those obtained immunohistochemically. We conclude that P-Cx43, restricted to MEC in the normal breast, is up-regulated in the same cells in hyperplasias and dysplasias and FA and is strongly up-regulated in invasive carcinomas. Notably, in some proliferative FCD and in most in situ and infiltrating carcinomas, P-Cx43 is strongly expressed in CE within and adjacent to the lesions but not away from them. These findings were paralleled by the strong nuclear reactions noted with Mab p44/42. These phenomena, although not exclusive to malignancy, are particularly conspicuous in breast carcinomas and seemingly reflect active proliferation associated with abnormal gap junctional intercellular communication. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15948121
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; GROWTH ; INHIBITOR ; tumor ; CELL ; Germany ; PROTEIN ; TUMORS ; DNA ; INFECTION ; MARKER ; cell cycle ; CELL-CYCLE ; CYCLE ; papillomavirus ; SEQUENCE ; SEQUENCES ; ASSOCIATION ; LESIONS ; PROGRESSION ; BLADDER ; p53 ; PCR ; human papillomavirus ; genotyping ; HPV ; EPITHELIAL-CELLS ; OVEREXPRESSION ; TRANSITIONAL-CELL CARCINOMA ; HPV INFECTION ; ONCOLOGY ; papillomaviruses ; development ; P16 ; IMMUNOREACTIVITY
    Abstract: Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been found in association with benign and malignant growth of epithelia The cell cycle inhibitor p16(Ink4a) has been shown to be overexpressed in HPV-positive cervical pre-malignant and malignant lesions, probably as a result of pRB targeting by the viral E7 protein Inverted papillomas of the urinary bladder are epithelial tumors considered to be of benign nature In this report we analyze the expression of p16(Ink4a) and the presence of HPV sequences in inverted papillomas and in non-tumoral bladder controls. Our results show no association of HPV infection and inverted papillomas Further, no correlation between p16 overexpression and HPV positivity was found. We conclude that HPV does not play an indispensable role in the development of urinary bladder Inverted papillomas and that overexpression of p16(Ink4a) does not correlate with HPV infection in these tumors (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20036459
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    ISSN: 1600-0560
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) arising in a setting of chronic regeneration and repair tend to be highly aggressive lesions prognostically distinct from SCC arising in solar-damaged skin. Full thickness thermal injury and chronic nonhealing ulcers are predisposing conditions in up to 2% of SCC. A significant association has been suggested to exist between pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (PH) and SCC. Three-hundred-eighty-six surgical cases of skin excised secondary to severe burns (n = 254) or chronic ulcers (n= 132) were reviewed, yielding 43 (11%) with PH. Flow cytometric DNA analysis was performed on paraffin-embedded sections. Thirty cases without PH were studied in addition to the 43 cases with PH. The majority (39/43) of the PH cases showed a single diplod population with a mean S-phase of 13.7%. Four cases (9.3%) showed an aneuploid peak. All cases without PH were diploid with a mean S-phase of 9.0%. In this study, PH was present in 11% of cases reviewed, and showed a 50% mean higher S-phase than comparable cases without PH. Aneuploidy was present in 9.3% of the PH cases studied. SCC may arise from a subgroup of PH in a background of rapidly proliferating keratinocytes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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