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  • 1
    ISSN: 1468-2982
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the IHS criteria for migraine and tension-type headache depend on gender. Among 409 children and adolescents with recurrent idiopathic headache seen at a university outpatient clinic, girls had significantly more often migraine with aura. Also, there was a trend towards a higher frequency of tension-type headache in girls. In migraine, aggravation of headache by physical activity and occurrence of aura symptoms were more common in females, whereas vomiting and phonophobia occurred more often in males. In tension-type headache, females more often reported mild intensity of headache. All other criteria were similar in both sexes. Age influenced the expression of some of the accompanying symptoms in the various types of migraine, but had only minimal influence on other diagnostic criteria of migraine and tension-type headache in females as well as in males. Our study suggests that the frequency of migraine (except that of migraine with aura) is similar among girls and boys, that tension-type headache may occur more often in girls, and that gender has some influence on the IHS criteria for migraine, but almost no influence on those of tension-type headache.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1468-2982
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: We investigated whether the criteria for idiopathic headache published by the International Headache Society (IHS) are useful in childhood and adolescence and compared the diagnoses according to this classification with those of Vahlquist. We used a semi-structured questionnaire to examine a total of 437 children and adolescents referred consecutively to a headache outpatient clinic. Twenty-eight of 437 patients were excluded because of symptomatic or unclassifiable headache. Of 409 patients with idiopathic headache, 70.4% had definite migraine or tension-type headache (IHS 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2), 20.5% had a migrainous disorder (IHS 1.7) and 9.1% had headache of the tension-type not fulfilling the criteria (IHS 2.3). In the differential diagnosis of migraine and tension-type headache the intensity of pain, aggravation of headache by physical activity, nausea and vomiting were the most important features. The quality of pain, photo- and phonophobia were less helpful and location least important. The duration of migraine attacks was less than 2 h in 19.0% of the migraine patients. In general, the diagnostic criteria of migraine were highly specific but less sensitive, and those of tension-type headache highly sensitive but less specific. The agreement between IHS criteria and those of Vahlquist was marked (kappa = 0.57). We conclude that the IHS criteria are useful for classifying headache in children and adolescents referred to a headache outpatient clinic. A forthcoming modification of the IHS criteria should consider a reduction of the minimum duration of migraine attacks from 2 h to I h and should try to increase the sensitivity of the criteria for migraine and the specificity of the criteria for tension-type headache.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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