Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Genetics ; Neurosciences ; Psychiatry ; Developmental psychology ; Biomedicine ; Human Genetics ; Psychiatry ; Developmental psychology ; Neurosciences ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Overview of animal models in behavior genetics -- Neurogenetic analysis of mental deficiency in mice -- Learning and memory in dogs -- Cognition in rodents -- Kin recognition behavior in beetles -- Circadian rhythms in Drosophila -- Offensive behavior in mice - QTLs in emotionality in rodents -- Sexuality in primates -- Animal models for cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia -- Zebra fish model for endophenotype concepts -- Drosophila model for schizophrenia -- Critical reviews of animal models in behavior genetics
    Abstract: This stimulating analysis reviews the broad potential of animal models to foster a deeper understanding of human pathology, strengthen connections between genetic and behavioral studies, and develop more effective treatments for mental disorders. Widely-studied and lesser-used species are examined in models that capture features along the continuum of normative and pathological behavior. The models highlight genetic causes of core features, or endophenotypes, of developmental, internalizing, and externalizing disorders, as well as dementia. Expert contributors address questions ranging from how suitable species are chosen for study to the costs and benefits of using inbred versus outbred strains, and the effects of housing environment on subject animals. Larger issues addressed include how to evaluate the applicability of animal behavioral models to the human condition and how these models can harness emerging molecular technologies to further our understanding of the genetic basis of mental illness. Included in the coverage: Mating and fighting in Drosophila. Attachment and social bonding. Impulsivity in rodents and humans. Animal models of cognitive decline. Animal models of social cognition. Future directions for animal models in behavioral genetics. A detailed map of where this evolving field is headed, Animal Models of Behavior Genetics shows geneticists, molecular biologists, and cognitive neuroscientists paths beyond established concepts toward a more knowledgeable and collaborative future
    Pages: XVI, 389 p. 27 illus., 22 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781493937776
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are thought to be involved in colorectal cancer development. These processes may contribute to leakage of bacterial products, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and flagellin, across the gut barrier. The objective of this study, nested within a prospective cohort, was to examine associations between circulating LPS and flagellin serum antibody levels and colorectal cancer risk. METHODS: A total of 1,065 incident colorectal cancer cases (colon, n = 667; rectal, n = 398) were matched (1:1) to control subjects. Serum flagellin- and LPS-specific IgA and IgG levels were quantitated by ELISA. Multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for multiple relevant confouding factors. RESULTS: Overall, elevated anti-LPS and anti-flagellin biomarker levels were not associated with colorectal cancer risk. After testing potential interactions by various factors relevant for colorectal cancer risk and anti-LPS and anti-flagellin, sex was identified as a statistically significant interaction factor (Pinteraction 〈 0.05 for all the biomarkers). Analyses stratified by sex showed a statistically significant positive colorectal cancer risk association for men (fully-adjusted OR for highest vs. lowest quartile for total anti-LPS + flagellin, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.10-2.51; Ptrend, 0.049), whereas a borderline statistically significant inverse association was observed for women (fully-adjusted OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.47-1.02; Ptrend, 0.18). CONCLUSION: In this prospective study on European populations, we found bacterial exposure levels to be positively associated to colorectal cancer risk among men, whereas in women, a possible inverse association may exist. IMPACT: Further studies are warranted to better clarify these preliminary observations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 25(2); 291-301. (c)2016 AACR.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26823475
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Abstract: Over the past two decades, the molecular machinery that underlies autophagic responses has been characterized with ever increasing precision in multiple model organisms. Moreover, it has become clear that autophagy and autophagy-related processes have profound implications for human pathophysiology. However, considerable confusion persists about the use of appropriate terms to indicate specific types of autophagy and some components of the autophagy machinery, which may have detrimental effects on the expansion of the field. Driven by the overt recognition of such a potential obstacle, a panel of leading experts in the field attempts here to define several autophagy-related terms based on specific biochemical features. The ultimate objective of this collaborative exchange is to formulate recommendations that facilitate the dissemination of knowledge within and outside the field of autophagy research.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28596378
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: Leakage of bacterial products across the gut barrier may play a role in liver diseases which often precede the development of liver cancer. However, human studies, particularly from prospective settings, are lacking. METHODS: We used a case-control study design nested within a large prospective cohort to assess the association between circulating levels of anti-lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and anti-flagellin immunoglobulin A (IgA) and G (IgG) (reflecting long-term exposures to LPS and flagellin, respectively) and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. A total of 139 men and women diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma between 1992 and 2010 were matched to 139 control subjects. Multivariable rate ratios (RRs), including adjustment for potential confounders, hepatitis B/C positivity, and degree of liver dysfunction, were calculated with conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: Antibody response to LPS and flagellin was associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (highest vs. lowest quartile: RR = 11.76, 95% confidence interval = 1.70-81.40; P trend = 0.021). This finding did not vary substantially by time from enrollment to diagnosis, and did not change after adjustment for chronic infection with hepatitis B and C viruses. CONCLUSIONS: These novel findings, based on exposures up to several years prior to diagnosis, support a role for gut-derived bacterial products in hepatocellular carcinoma development. Further study into the role of gut barrier failure and exposure to bacterial products in liver diseases is warranted.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28372583
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 0920-9964
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Keywords: Key words Idarubicin ; c-myc ; Breast tumor cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: Studies were designed to elucidate the basis for the antiproliferative activity of the anthracycline antibiotic, idarubicin (4-demethoxy-daunorubicin) in MCF-7 breast tumor cells. Methods: Growth inhibition was evaluated using the MTT tetrazolium dye assay, induction of DNA strand breaks was determined by alkaline elution, inhibition of DNA synthesis was assessed by measuring the incorporation of labelled thymidine into DNA, modulation of the expression of the c-myc oncogene was determined by Northern blotting and the induction of apoptosis was evaluated by alkaline unwinding, static field gel electrophoresis, terminal end labelling and assessment of cell morphology. Results: MCF-7 cells were relatively sensitive to idarubicin, with an IC 50 value for growth inhibition of approximately 0.01 μM. While DNA strand breakage was not evident below a concentration of 0.1 μM idarubicin, where growth inhibition exceeded 70%, both the inhibition of DNA synthesis and suppression of c-myc expression closely paralleled the profile of antiproliferative activity for idarubicin. Finally, while exposure to idarubicin resulted in a substantial loss of viable cells within 48–72 h, there was no morphological evidence of apoptotic body formation. The absence of apoptosis in cells exposed to idarubicin was supported by studies demonstrating the absence of DNA fragmentation using gel electrophoresis, alkaline elution and in situ DNA end-labelling assays. Conclusions: The results of these studies extend previous results from this laboratory indicating an association between suppression of c-myc expression, inhibition of DNA synthesis and growth arrest by topoisomerase II inhibitors, as well as the lack of induction of apoptotic cell death by topoisomerase II inhibitors in MCF-7 breast tumor cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To determine the influence of tamoxifen on the drug sensitivity of normal human hematopoietic progenitor cells, T-cell- and adherent-cell depleted human bone marrow mononuclear cells (T−, Ad−) were exposed in vitro to 5 μM tamoxifen for 24 h. The effects of tamoxifen were highly variable, as exposure to tamoxifen produced an increase (97%±12.3%) in the growth of day-12 committed myeloid progenitors (CFU-GM) in only four of ten experiments utilizing bone marrow from different donors. When T−, Ad− myeloid progenitor cells treated with tamoxifen were subsequently exposed to doxorubicin, 7 of 14 experimental samples studied demonstrated a net increase in the number of surviving clonogenic cells as compared with cells exposed to doxorubicin alone. Tamoxifen also stimulated the growth of a more purified (CD34+-selected) progenitor cell population in four of four experiments (by 62.5%±4.9%) but did not increase the survival of these cells upon exposure to doxorubicin; in fact, in five of ten experimental samples, tamoxifen enhanced cell sensitivity to doxorubicin. Taken together, these observations indicate that tamoxifen produces variable stimulation of committed myeloid progenitor cell growth in vitro. Furthermore, while under some circumstances, tamoxifen appears to have the capacity to enhance CFU-GM survival in the presence of doxorubicin, this drug combination may also result in enhanced toxicity to normal bone marrow progenitors.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 0014-4827
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1615-5947
    Keywords: Extended polytetrafluoroethylene grafts ; popliteal artery bypass
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We have used polytetrafluoroethylene preferentially for bypasses to the above-knee popliteal artery since 1979. Since this approach has recently been challenged, we reviewed our experience with 138 grafts in 128 patients. The majority (74%) of patients were male with a mean age of 63.2 years. Risk factors included: smoking (85%), hypertension (55%), diabetes mellitus (45%), and coronary artery disease (41%). The indications for operation were disabling claudication (18%), rest pain (42%), gangrene/tissue loss (33%), and miscellaneous (7%). Perioperative (30 day) mortality was 3% and morbidity (excluding amputation or graft failure) was 5%. Patients were followed for up to eight years with a mean follow-up of 22.1 months. Grafts which remained patent, but did not prevent major amputation, were classified as “failed”. Primary patency was 75% at one year and 54% at five years. Limb salvage was 88% at one year and 70% at five years. Risk factors, indication for operation and arteriographic runoff had no statistically significant impact on short- or long-term patency. However, bypass grafts to isolated popliteal segments had a significantly (p=0.025) increased perioperative failure rate compared to all other grafts. Our data support the continued use of polytetrafluoroethylene for above-knee femoropopliteal bypass except perhaps in patients who require grafting to an isolated popliteal segment where higher early failure rates were seen.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1615-5947
    Keywords: Claudication ; hemodynamic indices ; peripheral vascular disease ; limb salvage ; amputation ; ischemia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We reviewed the records of approximately 1,500 patients seen in the Vascular Laboratory of the Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center from 1980 to 1987 and identified 23 patients (25 limbs) who metall of the following criteria: 1) an ankle/brachial index less than or equal to 0.35; 2) an ankle or transmetatarsal pulse volume recording less than or equal to 3 mm in amplitude; and 3) no history of ischemic rest pain or gangrene. These patients were followed in the Vascular Laboratory for periods ranging from 11 to 127 months (mean 45.2 months). The study was terminated in March 1991 or when revascularization or amputation was required for limb-threatening symptoms or if the patient expired. Thirteen extremities (52%) showed no progression to limb-threatening symptoms. Claudication actually improved in three, remained unchanged in eight, and progressed in two. Twelve (48%) extremities developed limb-threatening conditions, with rest pain occurring in three, ischemic ulceration in six and gangrene in three. Eight of these limbs underwent revascularization and only one ultimately required major amputation. Another extremity presented with extensive gangrene and underwent a primary above-knee amputation. Three other patients did not undergo revascularization because of death in one and refusal in two others. Patients with intermittent claudication who have critical hemodynamic indices are at much greater risk for developing symptomatic limb-threatening ischemia. Close follow-up is mandatory since nearly half of these patients will eventually require operation for limb salvage. Patients who are unlikely to comply with a regular follow-up program may be considered for early revascularization to prevent complications of limb-threatening ischemia.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...