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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: MR imaging ; Contrast enhancement ; Liver ; Neoplasm ; Focal nodular hyperplasia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a superparamagnetic iron oxide, ferumoxides, in the detection and characterization of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) on MR conventional spin-echo (SE), fast spin-echo (FSE) and gradient-echo (GRE) images. Fourteen adults with 27 FNHs were evaluated at 1.5 T before and after injection of ferumoxides. T1-weighted and T2-weighted SE, T2-weighted FSE and T2*-weighted GRE sequences were used and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively. One hundred percent of FNHs showed a significant postcontrast decrease in signal intensity on T2- and T2*-weighted images. Heavily T2-weighted SE images showed the maximum decrease in FNH signal-to-noise ratio (S/N). Postcontrast GRE T2*-weighted images improved the detection of the central scar and the delineation of FNHs and demonstrated the best lesion-to-liver contrast-to-noise ratio (C/N). Postcontrast T1-weighted SE images showed the least lesion-to-liver C/N. Ferumoxides-enhanced MR imaging can help detect and characterize FNH. Conventional pre- and postcontrast T2-weighted SE images and postcontrast GRE T2*-weighted images should be used preferentially.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Hip – MRI – MR arthrography – Acetabular labrum
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. This pictorial review illustrates the anatomical features of normal intra-articular components of the hip and their common disorders on MR arthrography. On T1-weighted MR arthrograms, the normal contrast-filled joint cavity shows a homogeneous high signal intensity. Normal acetabular labrum appears as a well-delineated triangle showing a low signal intensity, surrounded by contrast material in the perilabral recess. Intra-articular paramagnetic contrast outlines labral tears, loose bodies, communicating labral cysts and cartilage lesions (traumatic tears, focal defects, degenerative fissures and thinning), and improves their detection. Overall, MR arthrography enables accurate detection and staging of hip intra-articular structure abnormalities.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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