Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Functional in vitro studies with isolated gastric mucosal cells require cytological identification of different cell types in suspension or primary culture. Since suitable techniques have not been well established, different staining methods for the discrimination of dispersed pig and guinea pig gastric cells have been developed on the basis of modified previous protocols for enzymatic cell dispersion. Chief and parietal cells were visualized by combined periodic acid-Schiff stains. Surface mucous and mucous neck cells were identified by affinity-labelling, using lectins with selective staining properties in situ. Two of the lectins were found to be specific markers for gastric polymorphonuclear cells. The following vital tests were found to be useful: succinic dehydrogenase for parietal cells, Nile blue/brilliant cresyl blue stains for chief cells, and different phagocytosis assays for endothelial cells and gastric phagocytes. Endocrine cells were characterized by immunocytochemistry using specific antibodies against gastrin, somatostatin, histamine and serotonin. The same technique using a vimentin antibody was performed for the identification of fibroblasts. Proliferation of mucosal cells in primary culture was monitored by the incorporation of bromo-deoxyuridine, which was subsequently detected by a monoclonal antibody.
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