Maximal mouth pressure
Transversus abdominis electromyogram
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The breathing pattern and respiratory muscle function were investigated in ten trained and ten untrained adolescents (aged 15–16 years) while undergoing an incremental intensity exercise test on a cycle ergometer up to 80% maximal oxygen consumption ( $$\dot V$$ O2max), maintained to exhaustion. Before and after exercise, maximal inspiratory (P I max) and expiratory (P E max) pressures were measured at residual volume and total lung capacity, respectively. During exercise, the breathing pattern [tidal volume (V T), respiratory frequency (f R), ventilation] and the relative contribution of ribcage and abdomen to V T were assessed using inductance plethysmography. Electromyographic activities of transversus abdominis (EMGtr) and diaphragm (EMGdi) muscles were recorded and analysed during exercise. There was a difference in the change in the pattern of breathing between the trained and the untrained group; f R increased significantly (P 〈 0.05) at 40% $$\dot V$$ O2maxfor the untrained group. Before exercise there was no difference in the maximal respiratory pressures. Up to 60% and 80% $$\dot V$$ O2max, transversus abdominis and diaphragm muscle activity increased significantly in the trained adolescents. However in this group, no evidence of respiratory muscle fatigue appeared: P I max, P E max and the frequency spectrum of EMGtr and EMGdi were not altered by exercise up to exhaustion. In the untrained group, who had high ventilatory responses, expiratory muscle function was unchanged at the end of the exercise, but signs of inspiratory muscle fatigue appeared in that P I max was significantly decreased after exercise.
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