Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Background: We evaluated the treatment outcomes of non-transitional cell carcinoma (non-TCC) cases after radical cystectomy.Methods: Radical cystectomy was performed in 259 invasive bladder cancer patients in our department and of these, 59 (22.7%) were non-TCC. Primary squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), adenocarcinomas and undifferentiated cancers (UC) were grouped as non-TCC of the bladder. Of the 59 non-TCC; 32 SCC, 20 UC, five adenocarcinoma and two sarcomatoid tumor cases were demonstrated.Results: The 5-year disease-specific survival rate of TCC and non-TCC cases were 48.9 and 28.2%, respectively (P = 0.0016). The 5-year disease-specific survival rates of SCC and UC were 25.1 and 23.4%, respectively. The median survival time of SCC, UC and adenocarcinoma cases were 19, 12 and 6 months, respectively (P = 0.4579). The disease-specific survival rates of TCC and non-TCC cases at stage pT2NoMo were 79.1 and 27.2%, respectively (P = 0.0000). The median survival time of SCC, UC and adenocarcinoma cases were 19, 12 and 13.3 months, respectively, for the same stage. The survival time of TCC, SCC and UC cases at stage pT3NoMo were 23, 26 and 45 months, respectively (P = 0.2307). The median survival time at stages pT2–3N1Mo for the same groups were 18, 16 and 11 months, respectively (P = 0.0939).Conclusion: The study presented here demonstrates that both TCC and non-TCC cases have poor survival rates in locally advanced disease and that at the pT2NoMo stage the prognosis of non-TCC cases is poor when compared with TCC cases.
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