Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract Formation of red pigment by Monascus purpureus via diauxic growth on glucose and ethanol in submerged culture was optimized based on inoculum preparation and culture medium. A vegetative inoculum was prepared from spores grown on ethanol. The optimized culture medium was low in phosphates, and had an initial pH of 5.5. The characteristics of Monascus purpureus grown on glucose and on ethanol were compared: the specific consumption rate of glucose (qG) was higher than the specific consumption rate of ethanol (qE), whereas the specific growth rate was greatest with ethanol. The specific production rate of red pigment (pOD) and pigment yield (YOD/s) with glucose was twice that with ethanol. A novel fermentation process was developed with M. purpureus initially grown with controlled ethanol formation, and consumption of the latter during pigment formation.
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