Thin-layer chromatographic analysis
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Representative strains of some species of Mycobacterium were degraded by both acid and alkaline methanolysis. Two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography was used to determine the patterns of mycolic acids and other long-chain components in these methanolysates. Patterns composed of α-, methoxy- and ketomycolates were found in Mycobacterium asiaticum, Mycobacterium bovix, Mycobacterium gastri, Mycobacterium gordonae, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium marinum and Mycobacterium tuberculosis; a representative of Mycobacterium thermoresistibile also contained lower molecular weight α′-mycolates in addition to these three acids. In representatives or Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium nonchromogenicum, “Mycobacterium novum”, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium scrofulaceum, Mycobacterium terrae, Mycobacterium xenopi, and Mycobacterium sp. MNC 165 α- and ketomycolates were accompanied by ω-carboxymycolates and 2-eicosanol and homologous alcohols which are derived from wax-ester mycolates. Mycobacterium fortuitum and “Mycobacterium giae” contained α′- and epoxymycolates and both serovars of Mycobacterium simiae had a very characteristic pattern of α-, α′- and ketomycolic acids. Comparison with data for other mycobacteria showed the chemotaxonomic significance of these mycolic acid patterns.
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