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  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; DISEASE ; POPULATION ; validation ; COMPLEX ; ASSOCIATION ; BREAST-CANCER ; ACID ; PLASMA ; MEN ; CENTERS ; EPIC ; nutrition ; FOOD-INTAKE ; nutrient intake ; SERUM PHOSPHOLIPIDS ; EPIC CALIBRATION ; 24-HOUR DIET RECALL ; prospective ; biological markers ; INVESTIGATE ; PROCESSED FOODS
    Abstract: Background: Plasma phospholipid fatty acids have been correlated with food intakes in populations with homogeneous dietary patterns. However, few data are available on populations with heterogeneous dietary patterns. Objective: The objective was to investigate whether plasma phospholipid fatty acids are suitable biomarkers of dietary intakes across populations involved in a large European multicenter study. Design: A cross-sectional study design nested to the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) was conducted to determine plasma fatty acid profiles in 〉 3000 subjects from 16 centers, who had also completed 24-h dietary recalls and dietary questionnaires. Plasma fatty acids were assessed by capillary gas chromatography. Ecological and individual correlations were calculated between fatty acids and select food groups. Results: The most important determinant of plasma fatty acids was region, which suggests that the variations across regions are largely due to different food intakes. Strong ecological correlations were observed between fish intake and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (r = 0.78, P 〈 0.01), olive oil and oleic acid (r = 0.73, P 〈 0.01), and margarine and elaidic acid (r = 0.76, P 〈 0.01). Individual correlations varied across the regions, particularly between olive oil and oleic acid and between alcohol and the saturation index, as an indicator of stearoyl CoA desaturase activity. Conclusions: These findings indicate that specific plasma phospholipid fatty acids are suitable biomarkers of some food intakes in the EPIC Study. Moreover, these findings suggest complex interactions between alcohol intake and fatty acid metabolism, which warrants further attention in epidemiologic studies relating dietary fatty acids to alcohol-related cancers and other chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89: 331-46
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19056549
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1238
    Keywords: Keywords Burns ; Oxidative stress ; Antioxidants ; Vitamin C ; Trace elements ; Carotenoids
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Objective: To evaluate oxidative stress resulting from major burns in humans.¶Design: Prospective clinical study with control group.¶Setting: Mechanically ventilated adult patients admitted with more than 30 % total burn surface area.¶Patients and participants: 20 patients with a mean body surface burned area of 54 %.¶Measurements and results: The oxidative stress evaluation was based on measurements of trace elements, vitamins, antioxidant enzymatic activity and end-products of lipid peroxidation. During the first 5 days after injury burn patients exhibit a decrease in selenium and antioxidant vitamins (C, β-carotene, lycopene) and an increase in lipid peroxidation products (TBARS).¶Conclusion: Our results suggest that major burn is associated with oxidative stress during the 5 days after the initial injury, as demonstrated by a simultaneous decrease in antioxidant vitamins and a large increase in TBARS.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1238
    Keywords: Key words Septic shock ; Lactate ; Pyruvate ; Ketone body ratio ; Oxygen consumption ; Oxygen delivery
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report a case of fatal septic shock, with hyperlactatemia and blood cultures positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae, in a 70-year-old patient. On two occasions (5 days, and 2 days before the patient‘s death), the relationship between oxygen delivery (D˙O2) and consumption (V˙O2) was examined in conjunction with two presumed markers of tissue oxygenation: the lactate/pyruvate ratio (L/P), and the β-hydroxybutyrate acetoacetate ratio (βOHB/AcAc). Increasing D˙O2 by about 30% (“oxygen flux test”) failed to increase V˙O2. The βOHB/AcAc ratio remained within normal limits, thus suggesting uncompromised tissue oxygenation at the hepatic level. The L/P ratio remained persistently above normal limits, thus suggesting actual organ or regional hypoxia. This case shows that during an overwhelming septic shock, the “oxygen flux test” can be negative, despite the presence of hyperlactatemia and of an increased L/P ratio suggestive of impaired tissue oxygenation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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