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  • 1
    Abstract: Hairy cell leukemia is an uncommon hematologic malignancy characterized by pancytopenia and marked susceptibility to infection. Tremendous progress in the management of patients with this disease has resulted in high response rates and improved survival, yet relapse and an appropriate approach to re-treatment present continuing areas for research. The disease and its effective treatment are associated with immunosuppression. As more patients are being treated with alternative programs, comparison of results will require general agreement on definitions of response, relapse, and methods of determining minimal residual disease. The development of internationally accepted, reproducible criteria is of paramount importance in evaluating and comparing clinical trials to provide optimal care. Despite the success achieved in managing these patients, continued participation in available clinical trials both in the front-line and particularly in the relapse setting is highly recommended. The Hairy Cell Leukemia Foundation convened an international conference to provide common definitions and structure to guide current management. There is substantial opportunity for continued research in this disease. In addition to the importance of optimizing the prevention and management of the serious risk of infection, organized evaluations of minimal residual disease and treatment at relapse offer ample opportunities for clinical research. Finally, a scholarly evaluation of quality of life in the increasing number of survivors of this now manageable, chronic illness merits further study. The development of consensus guidelines for this disease offers a framework for continued enhancement of the outcome for patients.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27903528
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Liver, neoplasms ; Liver, diseases ; Liver, focal nodular hypersplasia ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Magnetic resonance (MR), tissue characterization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Two cases of local nodular hyperplasia (FNH), in which ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MR) studies detected an atypical hemorrhagic pattern associated with an intrahepatic arterio venous malformation (AVM) around the growths, are presented. In both cases, histology demonstrated a very early regenerative stage — without central scar or fibrosis — and necrotichemorrhagic areas within the lesions. In these cases, the analysis of radiological findings, surgical specimens and histology seemed to confirm the pathogenetic hypothesis suggested by Wanless [1]: in normal liver parenchyma, a “blood steal” phenomenon due to congenital or acquired intrahepatic AVM — arterio portal or porto systemic shunt — could cause ischemic damaged, appering as a hemorrhagic necrotic area, the extent of which depends on the degree of residual portal supply (maintained in Case 1, and markedly reduced in Case 2 due to arterio portal shunting). The subsequent phase of repair could activate the regenerative-hyperplastic process, evolving into final fibrosis, which represents the “mature” pattern of FHN.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2323
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé Dans une série de 211 cancers bronchopulmonaires de stade III (A et B), réséqués de façon radicale avec lymphadénectomie systématique, entre 1971 et 1987, 11 étaient des cancers épithéliaux envahissant la bronche souche droite et la partie latérale de la trachée. Les patients ont été opérés selon une technique que nous avons nommée arbitrairement la “pneumectomie de Kergin,” selon le nom du chirugien de Toronto qui l'a décrite pour la première fois en 1952. A présent, ces patients sont de stade III B. Il n'y a pas eu de mort à l'opération et il y a eu seulement 2 complications mineures. Deux patients ont survécu 3 ans et le troisème est vivant et sans récidive à 7 ans. Cette technique est à considérer avant d'envisager la pneumectomie avec enmanchonnage, technique encore accompagnée de mortalité et morbidité élevées et demandant des soins postopératoires intensifs spécifiques.
    Abstract: Resumen En una serie de 211 casos de cáncer pulmonar en estado III (A y B) sometidos a resección radical con linfadenectomía rutinaria entre 1971 y 1987, un total de 11 eran carcinomas escamocelulares que invadían el bronquio principal derecho y la porción lateral de la tráquea. Estos pacientes fueron manejados utilizando una técnica quirúrgica particular que arbitrariamente hemos denominado la “neumonectomía de Kergin,” según el cirujano de Toronto que la describió en 1952. Estos pacientes actualmente son estadificados como III B. No se presentó mortalidad operatoria y sólo hubo 2 complicaciones menores. Dos pacientes sobrevivieron 3 años y uno se encuentra vivo y libre de enfermedad 7 años después de la operación. Esta técnica debe ser considerada antes de embarcarse en operaciones más peligrosas taies como la “neumonectomía en manga,” un procedimiento que todavía conlleva elevadas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad y que requiere equipo especial y cuidado intensivo postoperatorio.
    Notes: Abstract Out of a series of 211 stage III (A and B) lung cancers radically resected with routine lymphadenectomy from 1971 to 1987, a total of 11 were squamous cell carcinomas invading the right main bronchus and lateral portion of the trachea. These patients were managed using a particular technique that we have always arbitrarily called, “Kergin pneumonectomy, ” after the Toronto surgeon who described it in 1952. These patients, today, are staged III B. There was no operative mortality and only 2 minor complications. Two patients survived 3 years and 1 is alive and free of disease 7 years from surgery. This technique should be considered before embarking on more perilous surgery such as “sleeve pneumonectomy,” a procedure which still carries high mortality and morbidity rates and requires special equipment and intensive postoperative care.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    World journal of surgery 17 (1993), S. 645-646 
    ISSN: 1432-2323
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aims:  Tumours of dendritic/accessory cell origin are rare neoplasms arising in lymph nodes. Among these, tumours derived from cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cells (CIRCs), a subset of fibroblastic reticulum cells, are reported even less frequently. The International Lymphoma Study Group (ILSG) has recently proposed a classification for tumours of histiocytes and accessory dendritic cells in which CIRC tumours are not included. We report a case of a CIRC tumour arising in a submandibular lymph node of a 66-year-old male.Methods and results:  The neoplasm was composed of spindle cells with elongated or round nuclei, prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm. These cells were arranged in a diffuse fascicular and vaguely whorled pattern. The tumour cells stained diffusely for S100, vimentin, desmin, lysozyme, and focally for CD68 and cytokeratins 7, 8, 18, CK-AE1 and CK-pool. Electron microscopy was performed for further evaluation on samples taken from the paraffin block; this revealed cytoplasmic projections and rudimentary cell junctions.Conclusions:  Histopathologist should be aware of the existence of tumours deriving from CIRCs, as these cases may be misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. Careful clinical and pathological evaluation is necessary to exclude this possibility.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1530-0358
    Keywords: Urogenital dysfunction ; Rectal excision ; Rectal cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The long-term urogenital dysfunctions in 46 of 104 surviving patients submitted to abdominoperineal resection for rectal carcinoma between 1972 and 1986 were collected and assessed. Urinary retention was present in 41 percent of the men and 35 percent of women, while incontinence was present in 10 percent of men and 29 percent of women. Impotence was reported by 59 percent of the males, all sexually active before surgery. Dyspareunia was present in 50 percent of the women in the study. The possibility of treating prostatic hypertrophy concurrently with abdominoperineal resection in selected cases to avoid urinary retention is discussed. The limited number of responders to the survey may interfere with the global statistical significance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1530-0358
    Keywords: Ileal pouchanal anastomosis ; Pelvic sepsis ; Redo pouch
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract From October 1, 1984 to December 31, 1991 at the Clinica Chirurgica II of the University of Bologna, 140 patients submitted to ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Nineteen patients (13.5 percent) developed septic complications. Of these, 11 patients (7.8 percent) had pelvic sepsis. Eight patients required further surgical intervention. Five patients underwent the redo pouch procedure. Another redo pouch was performed in a patient who had previously, in another hospital, had an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis placed and then removed because of ischemic necrosis of the reservoir. No deaths are reported in the reoperated patients. Currently, five of the six patients who underwent the redo pouch procedure have a well-functioning ileoanal anastomosis. The redo pouch procedure should always be attempted prior to the establishment of pelvic fibrosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: gastroesophageal reflux ; esophageal pH monitoring ; gastroesophageal reflux symptoms ; gastroesophageal reflux esophagitis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Twenty-four-hour home esophageal pH monitoring is proposed in order to study gastroesophageal reflux (GER) so that prolonged use of costly hospital equipment and staff can be curtailed and the diagnostic accuracy of the examination improved. Eighty-six patients affected by GER symptoms and 20 healthy volunteers underwent 24-hr home esophageal pH monitoring, x-rays, and endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract to investigate reliability of outpatient recording. Fifteen more patients consecutively underwent out- and inpatient recording to detect possible differences between these methods in the two daily periods. Outpatient monitoring was well tolerated in 94.7% of the patients; 14.3% of them markedly reduced their routine activities. The range of normality of outpatient recording does not differ from that of inpatients. In the 15 patients who consecutively underwent out-and inpatient monitoring, no significant differences were reported. The sensitivity of 24-hr home esophageal pH recording is 0.85, the specificity 1, the accuracy for negative prediction 0.68, and the accuracy for positive prediction 1. The reliability of 24-hr home esophageal pH monitoring is comparable to inpatient recording. It allows hospital cost reduction and is also better tolerated by patients but has not greatly improved the diagnostic accuracy of the gastroesophageal reflux pH monitoring.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: esophagogastric pH monitoring ; gastroesophageal reflux ; duodenogastric reflux
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A method for outpatient 24-hr simultaneous recording of pH in the distal esophagus, fundus, and antrum was developed in order to detect acid, alkaline, alkalacid gastroesophageal reflux, and duodenogastric reflux and to study these phenomena in patients complaining of gastroesophageal reflux and dyspepsia related symptoms. Two hundred ninety-four studies were performed in 42 healthy volunteers and 237 patients. Three-probe ambulatory 24-hr esophagogastric pH monitoring applicability, tolerability, and capability to determine a relationship between symptoms which occurred during the tests, gastroesophageal reflux, and duodenogastric reflux episodes were assessed. Eighty-nine percent of the three-probe esophagogastric pH studies were easily performed. The examination was tolerated well by 86.1% of the patients and poorly by 13.9%. A temporal correlation between symptoms and pH activities was recognized in 61.3% when the esophageal tracing was considered (acid gastroesophageal reflux recording) and in 95.6% when the three pH traces were simultaneously interpreted. Alkalacid gastroesophageal reflux and duodenogastric reflux total percentage times were significantly higher in patients complaining of dyspeptic symptoms than in patients only affected by typical gastroesophageal symptoms. Three-probe 24-hr ambulatory esophagogastric pH monitoring is a simple, well-tolerated test that should be routinely adopted for the study of patients complaining of unclear upper gastrointestinal tract symptomatology.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: gastric pH monitoring ; gastric pH patterns ; gastric acidity ; functional dyspepsia ; duodenogastric reflux ; gastroesophageal reflux ; gastrix emptying
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The methodology of prolonged gastric pH monitoring has not yet been standardized with regard to the number and position of pH probes. Twenty-seven healthy volunteers and 11 patients affected by nonulcer dyspepsia have been submitted to 24-hr ambulatory simultaneous pH monitoring of the distal esophagus, fundus, and antrum. Fundic and antral pH profiles have been compared and causes of pH variations (pH〉4) identified. Both in healthy volunteers and dyspeptic patients, percentile curves of fundic and antral pH were statistically different in more than one of the daily periods considered (24-hr, postprandial, interdigestive, nocturnal). Percent time of duodenogastric reflux is significantly higher in the antrum than in the fundus in both groups. Modalities of gastric alkalinization secondary to food or duodenogastric reflux were different for the fundus and for the antrum both in healthy and dyspeptic subjects and between the two groups. These differences suggest that single and multiple pH monitoring of the stomach have different indications, and the position of the probes should vary according to the purpose of the test.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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