Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract An anti-HIV-1/HIV-2 line immunoassay (LIA), using peptides and recombinant antigens was evaluated against commercially available Western blot tests for HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies. Two thousand one hundred and ten sera of European, African, and South American origin were used in the evaluation. The panel included 1066 sera with antibodies to HIV-1, 192 sera with antibodies to HIV-2, and 64 sera with antibodies to both. Using Western blot results interpreted according to the WHO criteria as a reference standard, the overall specificity obtained by this LIA was 100 % and the sensitivity was 99.77 % (97.51-100 % for 95 % confidence limits) when sera dually reactive in Western blot were included. Of the three sera negative in the LIA but positive in HIV-1 WB, two could be retested in a radioimmunoprecipitation assay and were negative. When dually reactive sera in the Western blot (WHO) were included, the LIA yielded 9.9 % indeterminate results as compared with 15.5 % for both assays (x 2=29.30; p〈0.001). Although only one HIV-2 specific peptide antigen (gp36) was used, the LIA yielded a specificity of 100 % and a sensitivity of 100 % as compared with the HIV-2 Western blot assay. When indeterminate results were included, the overall agreement between the LIA and the HIV-1 and HIV-2 Western blot (WHO criteria) was 89.9 % and 90.1 % respectively. These results indicate that the LIA provides reliable simultaneous detection of antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2, and at a cost which is substantially lower than the cost of Western blot tests.
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