Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Thirty seven strains of lactobacilli and leuconostocs were screened for bacteriocin production. A bacteriocin-like substance (designated lacidin A) was detected in culture filtrate of Lactobacillus acidophilus OSU133. Lacidin A inhibited Enterococcus faecalis, L. acidophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis, and Staphylococcus aureus. The bacteriocinogenic nature of lacidin A was confirmed by eliminating the inhibitory effects of acid, hydrogen peroxide and phage and by loss of activity upon hydrolysis with proteolytic enzymes. The bacteriocin is relatively heat-stable and has considerable bactericidal action against S. aureus in phosphate buffer. Lacidin A also demonstrated bacteriostatic action against S. aureus in brain heart infusion and heat-treated milk and liquid whole egg.
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