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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Key words Diabetes mellitus ; focal adhesion kinase ; glomeruli ; prostaglandins ; fibronectin.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Altered extracellular matrix production by the glomerular mesangium is a feature of diabetes mellitus. Matrix proteins, including fibronectin, via interaction with cell-surface receptors (the integrins) may activate intracellular pathways such as prostaglandin production, shown previously to be stimulated by addition of fibronectin to glomerular cores. However, the signalling pathways involved are unclear. An intracellular tyrosine kinase (focal adhesion kinase), associated with focal adhesions, is known to be phosphorylated after interaction with matrix proteins. We now show for the first time, in glomeruli from diabetic rats, that focal adhesion kinase has increased phosphorylation on tyrosine, when compared with non-diabetic control rats. This phosphorylation was labile and disappeared with extended time of sample preparation or digestion of glomeruli to glomerular cores. Cultured mesangial cells, from non-diabetic rats, plated onto fibronectin also showed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase accompanied by a twofold increase in prostaglandin production. However, it may not be possible to replicate fully the diabetic “state” in vitro merely by use of raised glucose concentrations, as these conditions (for 3 weeks) resulted in decreased focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation, despite increased fibronectin and prostaglandin levels. A role for increased focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation in kidney glomeruli isolated from diabetic rats, and any linkage to intracellular signalling pathways remains to be determined. [Diabetologia (1995) 38: 1131–1137]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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