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  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Medical parasitology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Biochemistry ; Biomedicine ; Biomedicine general ; Parasitology ; Protein Science ; Infectious Diseases ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction: The importance of molecular chaperones in survival and pathogenesis of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum -- General structural and functional features of molecular chaperones -- The role of Hsp70s in the development and pathogenicity of Plasmodium species -- Role of the Hsp40 family of proteins in the survival and pathogenesis of the malaria parasite -- Role of Hsp90 in Plasmodium falciparum malaria -- The role of parasite heat shock proteins in protein trafficking and host cell remodeling -- Role of heat shock proteins in immune modulation in malaria -- Establishment of Plasmodium falciparum extracellular compartments in its host erythrocyte -- Chaperones and Proteases of Plasmodium falciparum -- Heat shock proteins as targets for novel anti-malarial drugs -- What do we know, what do we not know, and what should the future focus be?
    Abstract: This book describes the role of heat shock proteins in the life cycle of malaria parasites. The work includes a general introduction on the structural and functional features of heat shock proteins. The main focus is on the role of heat shock protein families from Plasmodium falciparum, their role in protein folding and in the development of malaria pathology. The functions of individual families of heat shock proteins from plasmodium species and their cooperation in functional networks is described. Subcellular and extracellular organelles such as the apicoplast and the Maurer’s Clefts which are associated with plasmodium species, are discussed in detail. The role of heat shock proteins in the development and function of these organelles structures are highlighted. Although conceding that heat shock proteins may not be ideal antimalarial drug targets, prospects of targeting heat shock proteins in antimalarial drug discovery either directly and/or in combination therapies are explored
    Pages: VIII, 223 p. 35 illus., 33 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789400774384
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2013); 20131022-20131025; Berlin; DOCGR15-999 /20131023/
    Publication Date: 2013-10-24
    Keywords: prostate cancer ; bone metastasis ; tissue engineering ; bone constructs ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie; 73. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 95. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie, 50. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20091021-20091024; Berlin; DOCPO17-326 /20091015/
    Publication Date: 2009-10-16
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Deutscher Kongress für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie (DKOU 2013); 20131022-20131025; Berlin; DOCGR16-927 /20131023/
    Publication Date: 2013-10-24
    Keywords: murine fracture models ; metaphysis ; locking plates ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
    Abstract: Genotoxicity models are extremely important to assess retroviral vector biosafety before gene therapy. We have developed an in utero model that demonstrates that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development is restricted to mice receiving nonprimate (np) lentiviral vectors (LV) and does not occur when a primate (p) LV is used regardless of woodchuck post-translation regulatory element (WPRE) mutations to prevent truncated X gene expression. Analysis of 839 npLV and 244 pLV integrations in the liver genomes of vector-treated mice revealed clear differences between vector insertions in gene dense regions and highly expressed genes, suggestive of vector preference for insertion or clonal outgrowth. In npLV-associated clonal tumors, 56% of insertions occurred in oncogenes or genes associated with oncogenesis or tumor suppression and surprisingly, most genes examined (11/12) had reduced expression as compared with control livers and tumors. Two examples of vector-inserted genes were the Park 7 oncogene and Uvrag tumor suppressor gene. Both these genes and their known interactive partners had differential expression profiles. Interactive partners were assigned to networks specific to liver disease and HCC via ingenuity pathway analysis. The fetal mouse model not only exposes the genotoxic potential of vectors intended for gene therapy but can also reveal genes associated with liver oncogenesis.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23299800
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The activity-regulated, cytoskeletal-associated gene, arc, is a brain-enriched immediate-early gene whose expression is rapidly induced in the striatum by dopamine receptor agonists. This rapid induction of arc in the striatum is similar to that of other early response genes such as c-fos, junB, ▵fosB, fra, and NGFI-A, which code for transcription factors. Unlike these proteins, however, Arc is a cytoskeletal protein expressed not only in the nucleus of neurons but also in their dendrites. We investigated the patterns of Arc expression evoked in the rat striatum by acute exposures to two psychomotor stimulants, cocaine and amphetamine. Cocaine induced arc in striatal neurons that were broadly distributed within both striosome and matrix compartments of the caudoputamen. Amphetamine also evoked Arc expression in striatal projection neurons, but these were heavily concentrated in the striosomal compartment and only sparsely in the matrix compartment in the rostral striatum. The contrasting patterns of Arc expression evoked by cocaine and amphetamine parallel those of c-Fos, JunB, FRA, and NGFI-A expression induced by these two psychomotor stimulants. This difference in the action of cocaine and amphetamine at the level of protein expression may be linked to the different effects of these psychomotor stimulants on behavior.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The immature brain is prone to seizures but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We explored the hypothesis that increased seizure susceptibility during early development is due to the excitatory action of GABA. Using noninvasive extracellular field potential and cell-attached recordings in CA3 of Sprague-Dawley rat hippocampal slices, we compared the developmental alterations in three parameters: excitatory actions of GABA, presence of the immature pattern of giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) and severity of epileptiform activity generated by high potassium. The GABA(A) receptor agonist isoguvacine increased firing of CA3 pyramidal cells in neonatal slices while inhibiting activity in adults. A switch in the GABA(A) signalling from excitation to inhibition occurred at postnatal day (P) 13.5 ± 0.4. Field GDPs were present in the form of spontaneous population bursts until P12.7 ± 0.3. High potassium (8.5 mm) induced seizure-like events (SLEs) in 35% of slices at P7–16 (peak at P11.3 ± 0.4), but only interictal activity before and after that age. The GABA(A) receptor antagonist bicuculline reduced the frequency or completely blocked SLEs and induced interictal clonic-like activity accompanied by a reduction in the frequency but an increase in the amplitude of the population spikes. In slices with interictal activity, bicuculline typically caused a large amplitude interictal clonic-like activity at all ages; in slices from P5–16 rats it was often preceded by one SLE at the beginning of bicuculline application. These results suggest that, in the immature hippocampus, GABA exerts dual (both excitatory and inhibitory) actions and that the excitatory component in the action of GABA may contribute to increased excitability during early development.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Status epilepticus (SE) has a high mortality and morbidity rate in children. Disturbances in learning and memory are frequently associated with SE although it is not clear when the cognitive deficits occur. If cognitive dysfunction occurs immediately following the seizure, the window of opportunity for therapeutic intervention is limited. The first goal of this study was to determine the timing of cognitive dysfunction following SE in weanling rats. As there is evidence that enriching the environment can improve cognitive and motor deficits following brain injury, our second goal was to determine whether environmental enrichment improves cognitive function following SE. Rats underwent lithium-pilocarpine-induced SE at postnatal (P) day 20 and were then tested for visual-spatial memory in the water maze at P22, P25, P30, or P50. Rats with SE performed significantly worse in the water maze than control rats at all time points. Once the time-courses of visual-spatial memory deficits were determined, a second group of P20 rats were subjected to SE and were then placed in an enriched environment (enriched group) or remained in standard cages in the vivarium (nonenriched group) for 28 days. Following environmental manipulation, the animals were tested in the water maze. Rats housed in an enriched environment following the SE performed substantially better in the water maze than rats housed in standard cages. However, no differences were found between the enriched and nonenriched groups in EEG or histological evaluation. Although SE results in cognitive impairment within days of the seizure, housing in an enriched environment after SE has a beneficial effect on cognitive performance in rats.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of oral rehabilitation 10 (1983), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2842
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effect of continuous wear of complete dentures in relation to the health of the oral mucosa is discussed. The results of a questionnaire on denture wearing advice among 120 dental schools, revealed divergence of opinions on the subject.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0843
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We have previously shown that exposure of cells in culture to O6-methylguanine significantly reduces their level of the repair protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (AGT), thus rendering cells more sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic chloroethylating agents. Experiments were carried out in mice to determine whether the AGT content of tissues and tumors could be reduced by in vivo treatment with O6-methylguanine. There was a dose-dependent decrease in AGT activity in liver tissues of CD-1 mice to 24% of basal levels after four hourly intraperitoneal injections of O6-methylguanine (110 mg/kg). Although the decline in AGT activity in the liver was reversible, the activity remained at 75% of basal levels for up to 25 h after the final injection. The effect of O6-methylguanine treatment on AGT activity was measured in mouse tissues as well as human colonic carcinoma tumors (HT29 and BE) grown in Swiss athymic nude mice. The activity in the liver, kidney, and spleen of these mice decreased to 33%–35% of control levels, whereas the activity in HT29 tumors was likewise diminished to 25% of control levels after four hourly injections of O6-methylguanine (100 mg/kg). There was no enhancement of the tumoricidal effectiveness of chloroethylating agents on the HT29 tumor after O6-methylguanine treatment, probably due to a disproportionately higher level of AGT in human tissue than in murine tissue. However, these studies suggest that O6-methylguanine can be given in vivo to examine the role of the AGT protein in protecting against the toxic and carcinogenic effects of alkylating agents.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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