10-Ethylthiocolchicide, diene properties of
Consecutive [4+2],[3+2] cycloadditions
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Cycloaddition reactions of the facially dissymmetric diene moiety of (-)-(M,7S)-colchicine (5) and (-)-(M,7S)-10-ethylthiocolchicide (9) to various alkynes have been studied. With 5 and the dienophilic benzyne (3), dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) (4) and cyclooctyne (6) as starting materials all cycloadditions could be realized with high regioselectivity at the 8,12-positions of the alkaloid. The approach of the dienophiles preferentially occurred toward the syn π-face of the diene. In contrast to the cycloaddition mode of 5 the ethylthiocolchicide 9 surprisingly reacted in a different manner. With benzyne as starting material a novel [3+2] cycloaddition of the thioenol ether moiety of 9 towards the dipolarophilic benzyne is supposed, affording the unexpected colchicide 10 after [1,5]H shift of the primarily formed cycloadduct followed by cleavage of the C-S linkage. With DMAD (4) and cyclooctyne (6) the reaction course is more complex. In a consecutive [4+2]/[3+2] cycloaddition (or vice versa) followed by a thermally induced cycloreversion of a not identified intermediate DMAD (4) gives rise to the polycyclic thiophene derivative 13 and the novel allocolchicinoid 14. In a similar way cyclooctyne (6) yielded three products, the thiophene-annulated homobarrelenones 18 and 19 and the tetracyclic allocolchicinoid 21. The structures of the novel colchicine derivatives were assigned on the basis of spectral data, those of the cycloadducts 1 and 19 were verified by X-ray crystallography. For the unprecedented formation of the various allocolchicinoids by consecutive [4+2]/[3+2] cycloadditions plausible reaction pathways are suggested, as far as possible. In addition the inhibitory effects on the tubulin polymerization reaction in vitro of 10, 14, and 21 are reported.
Type of Medium: