Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Barr-score ; Paediatric constipation ; Encopresis/faecal soiling ; Recurrent abdominal pain ; Colonic transit time
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It is still unclear how to evaluate the existence of faecal retention or impaction in children with defaecation disorders. To objectivate the presence and degree of constipation we measured segmental and total colonic transit times (CTT) using radio-opaque markers in 211 constipated children. On clinical grounds, patients (median age 8 years (5–14 years)) could be divided into three groups; constipation, isolated encopresis/soiling and recurrent abdominal pain. Barr-scores, a method for assessment of stool retention using plain abdominal radiographs, were obtained in the first 101 patients, for comparison with CTT measurements as to the clinical outcome. Of the children with constipation, 48% showed significantly prolonged total and segmental CTT. Surprisingly, 91% and 91%, respectively, of the encopresis/soiling and recurrent abdominal pain children had a total CTT within normal limits, suggesting that no motility disorder was present. Prolonged CTT through all segments, known as colonic inertia, was found in the constipation group only. Based on significant differences in clinical presentation, CTT and colonic transit patterns, encopresis/soiling children formed a separate entity among children with defaecation disorders, compared to children with constipation. Recurrent abdominal pain in children was in the great majority, not related to constipation. Barr-scores were poorly reproducible, with low inter-and intra-observer reliability. This is the first study which shows that clinical differences in constipated children are associated with different colonic transit patterns. The usefulness of CTT measurements lies in the objectivation of complaints and the discrimination of certain transit patterns. Conclusion Abdominal radiographs, even when assessed with the Barr-score proved unreliable in diagnosing constipation. Marker studies should be performed in the second stage of evaluation after failure of initial therapy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Adhesion ; Calcium ; Lectins ; Phytophthora cinnamomi ; Secretion ; Zoospore
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary During encystment,Phytophthora cinnamomi zoospores bind firmly to the host surface. We have developed a microassay to study adhesion of the zoospores to solid surfaces, both biological and non-biological. The results show that timing of the acquisition of adhesiveness during encystment correlates closely with the secretion of high molecular weight glycoproteins. The adhesive phase is short lived, occurring between 1 and 4 min after induction of encystment. During this period, cells that come into contact with a variety of surfaces (glass, plastic, and onion epidermis) become firmly attached, while cells that come into contact with one of these substrata after this period are unable to bind. Our results also show that EGTA inhibits cyst adhesion, while addition of calcium promotes cyst adhesion, especially of cysts more than 4 min old. To help identify the cyst surface component involved in adhesion we tested a number of lectins for their ability to block cyst adhesion. Soybean agglutinin andHelix pomatia agglutinin, lectins which bind to the secreted high molecular weight glycoproteins, both inhibit adhesion in the presence and absence of the hapten sugar, indicating that inhibition was non-specific. Wheatgerm agglutinin, a lectin which does not bind to the cyst surface, also blocked adhesion non-specifically.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Scutellum ; Germ aleurone ; “Normal” aleurone ; α-Amylase secretion ; Immunofluorescence ; Intact barley grains ; Hordeum germination ; Endosperm hydrolysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Using two step labeling with rhodamine-labeled secondary antibodies, α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1.) was detected in the scutellum, germ aleurone (monolayer partially encircling the scutellum) and “normal” aleurone (trilayer partially encircling the starchy endosperm; see Fulcher et al. 1972) in sections of Lowicryl-embedded barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Himalaya) after imbibition of whole grains for 24, 48, and 72 h, but not after 2 h. Staining occurred over the protoplasts, cell walls or intercellular spaces of each tissue indicating that all three tissues had secreted as well as produced α-amylase. The immunofluorescence in the scutellum was predominantly in the epithelium. “Normal” aleurone near the aleurone/ scutellum junction showed structural changes indicative of secretory activity by 24 h, and the pattern of cell erosion in the sub-aleurone and starchy endosperm at this and later stages supported this conclusion. The data show that “normal” aleurone is a major source of α-amylase even at early stages of germination, but there is clear evidence also of production and secretion of some α-amylase by both the scutellum and the germ aleurone, indicating that these tissues could also contribute to starch hydrolysis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Calmodulin ; Flagellar swelling ; Flagellum ; Phytophthora cinnamomi ; Zoospore
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Calmodulin distribution in the tinsel and whiplash flagella of zoospores ofPhytophthora cinnamomi has been studied by immunofluorescence microscopy and immunogold labelling. In whole zoospores labelled with a monoclonal antibody raised against pea calmodulin, followed by a second antibody-FITC, both flagella appear to be weakly stained except for a region at the base of the tinsel flagellum which was stained intensely. A similar staining pattern was also detected in isolated flagella labelled with anti-calmodulin. To identify the calmodulin rich region of the tinsel flagellum, we labelled sections of zoospores embedded in Lowicryl K4M with anti-calmodulin followed by a second antibody gold probe. In the tinsel flagellum, the gold labelling was restricted to a paraxonemal swelling close to the base. Very little gold labelling was detected elsewhere. The swelling extends for 1.5–2.0 μn from the base of the tinsel flagellum and is hook shaped in cross section. Immunoblot analysis confirmed that the staining was specific for calmodulin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Oomycetes ; Pythium ; Phytophthora ; Monoclonal antibodies ; Surface antigens ; Immunocytochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The oomycetes are a class of protists that produce biflagellate asexual zoospores. Members of the oomycetes have close phylogenetic affinities with the chromophyte algae and are widely divergent from the higher fungi. This review focuses on two genera,Phytophthora andPythium, which belong to the family Pythiaceae, and the order Peronosporales. These two genera contain many species that cause serious diseases in plants. Molecules on the surface of zoospores and cysts of these organisms are likely to play crucial roles in the infection of host plants. Knowledge of the properties of the surface of these cells should thus help increase our understanding of the infection process. Recent studies ofPhytophthora cinnamomi andPythium aphanidermatum have used lectins to analyse surface carbohydrates and have generated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed towards a variety of zoospore and cysts surface components. Labelling studies with these probes have detected molecular differences between the surface of the cell body and of the flagella of the zoospores. They have been used to follow changes in surface components during encystment, including the secretion of an adhesive that bonds the spores to the host surface. Binding of lectin and antibody probes to the surface of living zoospores can induce encystment, giving evidence of cell receptors involved in this process. Freeze-substitution and immunolabelling studies have greatly augmented our understanding of the synthesis and assembly of the zoospore surface during zoosporogenesis. Synthesis of a variety of zoospore components begins when sporulation is induced. Cleavage of the multinucleate sporangium is achieved through the progressive extension of partitioning membranes, and a number of surface antigens are assembled onto the zoospore surface during cleavage. Comparisons of antibody binding to many isolates and species ofPhytophthora andPythium have revealed that surface components on zoospores and cysts exhibit a range of taxonomic specificities. Surface antigens or epitopes may occur on only a few isolates of a species; they may be species-specific, genus-specific or occur on the spores of both genera. Spore surface antigens thus promise to be of significant value for studies of the taxonomy and phylogeny of these protists, as well as for disease diagnosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1615-6102
    Keywords: Basal body connector ; Centrin ; Flagellar roots ; Immunoblotting ; Immunolocalisation ; Phytophthora cinnamomi
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Antibodies raised against the calcium-binding protein centrin, were used to identify and localise centrin containing structures in the flagellar apparatus of zoospores and cysts of the oomycetePhytophthora cinnamomi. Immunoblotting of extracts from zoospores indicates that theP. cinnamomi centrin homologue is a 20 kDa protein. Immunofluorescence microscopy with anti-centrin antibodies reveals labelling in the flagella, the basal body connector and co-localisation along the microtubular R1 root (formerly called AR3) that runs from the right side of the basal body of the anterior flagellum into the anterior of the zoospore close to the ventral surface. The centrin (R1cen) and tubulin components of the R1 root split into four loops on the right hand side of the ventral groove and rejoin along the left hand side of the groove. The R1 root continues down the left hand side of the zoospore past the basal bodies and parallel to the R4 root. We propose that at least inP. cinnamomi there is no R2 root. Immunogold labelling confirms that centrin is a component of the basal body connector complex. When the zoospores become spherical during encystment, the R1cen pivots by approximately 90 ° with respect to the nucleus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 0147-5975
    Keywords: [idt] Phytophthora cinnamomi ; [idt] cysts ; [idt] germination ; [idt] glycoproteins ; [idt] protein bodies ; [idt] vesicles ; [idt] zoospores
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...