Thermal expansion measurements
Equilibrium vacancy concentration in aluminum
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Thermal expansion on high purity aluminum has been measured to study defects in thermal equilibrium by the (ΔL/L 0−Δa/a 0) method. Measurements of the changes in macroscopic length ΔL and lattice parameter Δa were made from room temperature to 637° C. Length changes were measured by a laser interferometer and lattice parameter changes by a X-ray diffractometer technique on the same crystal at identical temperatures. At temperatures above 400° C ΔL/L 0 becomes greater than Δa/a 0, indicating the generation of a noticeable amount of new lattice sites due to vacancy formation. Extrapolation gives a vacancy concentration ΔN/N 0=9.8·10−4 at the melting point (660° C). The experimental findings can be explained by assuming formation of monovacancies and divacancies. Values for the enthalpy and entropy of formation for mono- and divacancies are given.
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