Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare the vascular response seen with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) at 1-year follow-up between statin-treated and non–statin-treated patients. Patients (n=10) undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the femoropopliteal artery were studied with IVUS immediately after PTA and at 1-year follow-up. In nondilated matched vascular segments, the change in lumen, vessel, and plaque volume was assessed. In balloon-dilated matched vascular segments, the change in lumen, vessel, and plaque area was assessed. A comparison was made between statin-treated (n=5) and non–statin-treated patients (n=5) in lumen, vessel, and plaque changes. At follow-up, both statin-treated and non–statin-treated patients showed a similar increase in plaque volume at the nondilated segment (+4% and +2%, respectively). In statin-treated patients the plaque volume increase was compensated by an increase in vessel volume (+2%), resulting in an increase in lumen volume (+1%). In non–statin-treated patients, on the other hand, the increase in plaque volume was associated with a decrease in vessel volume (−2%), resulting in a decrease in lumen volume (−4%). At the balloon-dilated segment a similar trend in changes of lumen, vessel, and plaque was encountered. Differences between both groups of patients were not statistically significant. Despite the nonsignificant nature of the observation, this small retrospective IVUS study may generate the hypothesis that statin therapy may contribute to superior long-term lumen dimensions by inducing positive vascular remodeling both in nondilated and balloon-dilated vascular segments.
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