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  • 1
    ISSN: 1546-1718
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] The spindle assembly checkpoint guards against chromosomal missegregation but does not induce arrest in oocytes that contain a few achiasmatic chromosomes (univalents). We followed the fate of univalents in oocytes during the first meiotic division, and although these preserved a meiotic ...
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: An effort is presented to create expression vectors which would allow expression of an inserted gene fragment in three reading frames in a single vector from a single promoter but with three separate ribosome binding sites (RBS). Each expression frame would generate an in-frame fusion with an affinity tag to allow efficient recovery of the produced fusion proteins. In the first generation vector, three identical polyhistidyl tags (His6) were used as affinity tags for the three expression frames. In the second generation vector, three different tags, an albumin binding domain derived from streptococcal protein G, an IgG binding Staphylococcus aureus protein A-derived domain (Z) and a His6 tag, were employed to allow frame-specific affinity recovery. To evaluate the systems, model genes have been inserted in three different frames in both vectors. The first vector was demonstrated to produce fusion proteins in all three frames, whereas for the second, with a much wider spacing between the RBSs and affinity tags, expression could only be demonstrated from the first two translational start sites. For both systems, the first translation start was found to be significantly favored over the others. Nevertheless, we believe that the presented results represent the first successful attempt to create single-vector three-frame expression systems, a concept that could become valuable in future combined cloning–expression vectors.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Differential cDNA screening ; Spermatogenesis ; Germ cell differentiation ; Stage-specific gene expression ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The analysis of genes expressed in a restricted temporal and spatial manner during spermatogenesis has given insights into different gene-regulatory mechanisms active in germ cells. However, very few genes have so far been described that are predominantly active in spermatogonia and the early meiotic cell types of testis. To isolate a battery of such genes, more than 100 different mRNA molecules were isolated from a mouse prepubertal testicular cDNA library, and their expression patterns in different tissues analyzed. Thirty mRNAs, 26 of them previously not described in the literature, were found to be predominantly expressed in mouse testis. A detailed analysis of their expression patterns identified a number of mRNA molecules differentially expressed in testicular cell types, including both germ cells and somatic cell types. Characterization of these mRNAs also revealed five distinct temporal phases of gene expression during prepubertal germ cell development. Three different genes, mainly active in the spermatogonial and the early meiotic cell types of testis, were isolated and will be used to characterize further stage-specific gene expression during germ cell differentiation. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Spermatogenesis ; In situ hybridization ; Temporal expression ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: A cDNA species, corresponding to a gene with testis-specific expression (TSGA), was isolated from a testis cDNA library. The temporal and spatial expression of TSGA was studied by in situ hybridization as well as RNA filter hybridization. In tissue sections, the TSGA sequence was confined to cells within the seminiferous tubules. For filter hybridization, RNA was isolated from testis of prepubertal rats of different ages as well as from enriched populations of various germ cell types. It was found that TSGA is expressed only in male germ cells and that the steady-state level of TSGA transcripts reaches a maximum during the meiotic and the postmeiotic stages of germ cell development, suggesting a meiotic or postmeiotic function for the encoded protein. TSGA encodes a putative protein having 1,214 amino acids and contains a zinc finger, a structure that previously has been shown to mediate binding to nucleic acids.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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