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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-04-08
    Description: Regulatory mechanisms governing the sequence from progenitor cell proliferation to neuronal migration during corticogenesis are poorly understood. Here we report that phosphorylation of DISC1, a major susceptibility factor for several mental disorders, acts as a molecular switch from maintaining proliferation of mitotic progenitor cells to activating migration of postmitotic neurons in mice. Unphosphorylated DISC1 regulates canonical Wnt signalling via an interaction with GSK3beta, whereas specific phosphorylation at serine 710 (S710) triggers the recruitment of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) proteins to the centrosome. In support of this model, loss of BBS1 leads to defects in migration, but not proliferation, whereas DISC1 knockdown leads to deficits in both. A phospho-dead mutant can only rescue proliferation, whereas a phospho-mimic mutant rescues exclusively migration defects. These data highlight a dual role for DISC1 in corticogenesis and indicate that phosphorylation of this protein at S710 activates a key developmental switch.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088774/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088774/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ishizuka, Koko -- Kamiya, Atsushi -- Oh, Edwin C -- Kanki, Hiroaki -- Seshadri, Saurav -- Robinson, Jon F -- Murdoch, Hannah -- Dunlop, Allan J -- Kubo, Ken-ichiro -- Furukori, Keiko -- Huang, Beverly -- Zeledon, Mariela -- Hayashi-Takagi, Akiko -- Okano, Hideyuki -- Nakajima, Kazunori -- Houslay, Miles D -- Katsanis, Nicholas -- Sawa, Akira -- DK-072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- DK-075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- G0600765/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- HD-04260/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- MH-069853/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH-084018/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH-085226/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH-088753/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- MH-091230/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK072301/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK075972/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK075972-06/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD042601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD042601-10/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH091230/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- R01 MH092443/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 May 5;473(7345):92-6. doi: 10.1038/nature09859. Epub 2011 Apr 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21471969" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; COS Cells ; Cell Movement/genetics ; Cell Proliferation ; Cercopithecus aethiops ; Cerebral Cortex/cytology/*embryology/physiology ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3/metabolism ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; Mice ; Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; *Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Neurons/*cytology/metabolism/*physiology ; PC12 Cells ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Binding ; Rats ; Signal Transduction ; Stem Cells/*cytology ; Wnt Proteins/metabolism ; beta Catenin/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Henoch-Schönlein purpura ; Factor XIII ; Substitution therapy ; Blood coagulation ; Allergic vasculitis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Determination of coagulation Factor XIII (F XIII)-related parameters in 21 patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura documented a significant decrease of F XIII activity as well as of the F XIII-related antigenic determinants. Subgroup analysis with regard to the clinical symptoms showed an even further decrease of these parameters in patients with gastrointestinal complications. Stimulated by these findings a substitution therapy with a F XIII concentrate was initiated in those patients whose F XIII activity in plasma remained low and who developed severe abdominal pain accompanied by persisting gastrointestinal bleeding. This therapeutic approach not only corrected the laboratory data, but more important led to a cessation of pain and bleeding. A rapid decrease of F XIII levels after transfusion below 40 U/ml was indicative of relapse of abdominal symptoms, while increasing values were associated with the recovery of the patients. In conclusion: F XIII activity determinations appear to have a predictive value in patients with Henoch-Schönlein purpura, and the administration of F XIII concentrates may contribute to the improvement of gastrointestinal complications.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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