Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-09-08
    Description: Autism spectrum disorders are a genetically heterogeneous constellation of syndromes characterized by impairments in reciprocal social interaction. Available somatic treatments have limited efficacy. We have identified inactivating mutations in the gene BCKDK (Branched Chain Ketoacid Dehydrogenase Kinase) in consanguineous families with autism, epilepsy, and intellectual disability. The encoded protein is responsible for phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of the E1alpha subunit of branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKDH). Patients with homozygous BCKDK mutations display reductions in BCKDK messenger RNA and protein, E1alpha phosphorylation, and plasma branched-chain amino acids. Bckdk knockout mice show abnormal brain amino acid profiles and neurobehavioral deficits that respond to dietary supplementation. Thus, autism presenting with intellectual disability and epilepsy caused by BCKDK mutations represents a potentially treatable syndrome.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3704165/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3704165/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Novarino, Gaia -- El-Fishawy, Paul -- Kayserili, Hulya -- Meguid, Nagwa A -- Scott, Eric M -- Schroth, Jana -- Silhavy, Jennifer L -- Kara, Majdi -- Khalil, Rehab O -- Ben-Omran, Tawfeg -- Ercan-Sencicek, A Gulhan -- Hashish, Adel F -- Sanders, Stephan J -- Gupta, Abha R -- Hashem, Hebatalla S -- Matern, Dietrich -- Gabriel, Stacey -- Sweetman, Larry -- Rahimi, Yasmeen -- Harris, Robert A -- State, Matthew W -- Gleeson, Joseph G -- K08 MH087639/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- K08MH087639/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- P01 HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P01HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P30 NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- P30NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS041537/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R25 MH077823/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- RC2 MH089956/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- RC2MH089956/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- T32MH018268/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- U54HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Oct 19;338(6105):394-7. doi: 10.1126/science.1224631. Epub 2012 Sep 6.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Neurogenetics Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. gnovarino@ucsd.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22956686" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: 3-Methyl-2-Oxobutanoate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide)/*administration & ; dosage/deficiency/*genetics ; Adolescent ; Amino Acids, Branched-Chain/administration & dosage/blood/deficiency ; Animals ; Arginine/genetics ; Autistic Disorder/*diet therapy/enzymology/*genetics ; Base Sequence ; Brain/metabolism ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Diet ; Epilepsy/*diet therapy/enzymology/*genetics ; Female ; Homozygote ; Humans ; Intellectual Disability/diet therapy/enzymology/genetics ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Pedigree ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Folding ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; RNA, Messenger/metabolism ; Young Adult
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are neurodegenerative motor neuron diseases characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function. Although the genetic basis is partly understood, only a fraction of cases can receive a genetic diagnosis, and a global view of HSP is lacking. By using whole-exome sequencing in combination with network analysis, we identified 18 previously unknown putative HSP genes and validated nearly all of these genes functionally or genetically. The pathways highlighted by these mutations link HSP to cellular transport, nucleotide metabolism, and synapse and axon development. Network analysis revealed a host of further candidate genes, of which three were mutated in our cohort. Our analysis links HSP to other neurodegenerative disorders and can facilitate gene discovery and mechanistic understanding of disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157572/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157572/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Novarino, Gaia -- Fenstermaker, Ali G -- Zaki, Maha S -- Hofree, Matan -- Silhavy, Jennifer L -- Heiberg, Andrew D -- Abdellateef, Mostafa -- Rosti, Basak -- Scott, Eric -- Mansour, Lobna -- Masri, Amira -- Kayserili, Hulya -- Al-Aama, Jumana Y -- Abdel-Salam, Ghada M H -- Karminejad, Ariana -- Kara, Majdi -- Kara, Bulent -- Bozorgmehri, Bita -- Ben-Omran, Tawfeg -- Mojahedi, Faezeh -- Mahmoud, Iman Gamal El Din -- Bouslam, Naima -- Bouhouche, Ahmed -- Benomar, Ali -- Hanein, Sylvain -- Raymond, Laure -- Forlani, Sylvie -- Mascaro, Massimo -- Selim, Laila -- Shehata, Nabil -- Al-Allawi, Nasir -- Bindu, P S -- Azam, Matloob -- Gunel, Murat -- Caglayan, Ahmet -- Bilguvar, Kaya -- Tolun, Aslihan -- Issa, Mahmoud Y -- Schroth, Jana -- Spencer, Emily G -- Rosti, Rasim O -- Akizu, Naiara -- Vaux, Keith K -- Johansen, Anide -- Koh, Alice A -- Megahed, Hisham -- Durr, Alexandra -- Brice, Alexis -- Stevanin, Giovanni -- Gabriel, Stacy B -- Ideker, Trey -- Gleeson, Joseph G -- HHSN268200782096C/PHS HHS/ -- HHSN268201100011/PHS HHS/ -- N01-CO-12400/CO/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P01HD070494/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- P30NS047101/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS041537/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS048453/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01NS052455/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG006504/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54HG006504/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Jan 31;343(6170):506-11. doi: 10.1126/science.1247363.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24482476" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Axons/physiology ; Biological Transport/genetics ; Cohort Studies ; Exome/*genetics ; Gene Regulatory Networks ; *Genetic Association Studies ; Humans ; Motor Neuron Disease/*genetics ; Mutation ; Neurons/*metabolism ; Nucleotides/genetics/metabolism ; Pyramidal Tracts/*metabolism ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary/*genetics ; Synapses/physiology ; Transcriptome ; Zebrafish
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Keywords: MUTATIONS ; DNA-DAMAGE ; ATR ; centrosome ; PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM ; PERICENTRIN
    Abstract: Functional impairment of DNA damage response pathways leads to increased genomic instability. Here we describe the centrosomal protein CEP152 as a new regulator of genomic integrity and cellular response to DNA damage. Using homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing, we identified CEP152 mutations in Seckel syndrome and showed that impaired CEP152 function leads to accumulation of genomic defects resulting from replicative stress through enhanced activation of ATM signaling and increased H2AX phosphorylation
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21131973
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In order to determine the spectrum of cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations in the Turkish population, a complete coding region of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene including exon-intron boundaries, on 122 unrelated CF chromosomes from 73 Turkish CF families was analysed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and multiplex heteroduplex analysis on MDE gel matrix. In addition to 15 previously reported mutations and 12 polymorphisms, three novel mutations, namely 3172delAC, P1013L and M1028I, were detected. ΔF508 was found to be present on 18.8% of CF chromosomes. The second most common mutation was 1677delTA, with a frequency of 7.3%, followed by G542X and 2183AA→G mutations, with frequencies of 4.9%. These four most common mutations in Turkish CF population account for approximately 36% of mutations. This study could only detect 52.5% of disease-causing mutations in this population; 47.5% of CF alleles remain to be identified, reflecting the high molecular heterogeneity of the Turkish population.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease characterised by thymine-uraciluria in homozygous deficient patients and has been associated with a variable clinical phenotype. In order to understand the genetic and phenotypic basis for DPD deficiency, we have reviewed 17 families presenting 22 patients with complete deficiency of DPD. In this group of patients, 7 different mutations have been identified, including 2 deletions [295–298delTCAT, 1897delC], 1 splice-site mutation [IVS14+1G〉A)] and 4 missense mutations (85T〉C, 703C〉T, 2658G〉A, 2983G〉T). Analysis of the prevalence of the various mutations among DPD patients has shown that the G→A point mutation in the invariant splice donor site is by far the most common (52%), whereas the other six mutations are less frequently observed. A large phenotypic variability has been observed, with convulsive disorders, motor retardation and mental retardation being the most abundant manifestations. A clear correlation between the genotype and phenotype has not been established. An altered β-alanine, uracil and thymine homeostasis might underlie the various clinical abnormalities encountered in patients with DPD deficiency.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1600-0625
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract:  In this study we examined two unrelated patients affected with the lethal variant of junctional epidermolysis bullosa with pyloric atresia (PA-JEB) who were found to carry mutations in the integrin β4 subunit gene (ITGB4). Although in both patients Northern blot analysis showed only a 50% reduction in the level of ITGB4 transcript, a complete lack (patient 1) or a strong reduction (patient 2) of β4 immunoreactivity was observed in the skin. Using immunoprecipitation analysis, integrin β4 could not be visualized in patient 1 cells while a markedly reduced amount (∼20%) of normal sized β4 chains was detected in patient 2. These data suggested the presence of ITGB4 mutations that interfere with both mRNA and protein stability. Using molecular analysis, patient 1 was shown to be a compound heterozygous for a single amino acid deletion (ΔN318) and a not yet identified mutation that induces a very rapid decay of the encoded mRNA transcript. Patient 2 was, instead, a compound heterozygous for a novel 4-bp tandem duplication (4298–4299ins4) and a previously described missense mutation (R252C). Our data support the notion that PA-JEB lethal phenotypes associated with a markedly decreased/absent α6β4 expression can be due not only to the presence of null alleles, but also to specific mutations leading to protein instability and/or altered function.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-198X
    Keywords: Key words Turner syndrome ; Renal malformation ; Ultrasonography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  We evaluated the frequency of renal malformations in relation to nonmosaic 45,X (group A, 45 patients, 54.9%) and mosaic/structural abnormalities of X (group B, 37 patients, 45.1%) in 82 Turkish patients with Turner syndrome (TS). Ultrasonography of the kidneys and collecting system was performed in all patients. Of the 82 patients, 31 had different renal malformations (37.8%). Horse-shoe kidney was observed in 9 (29.0%) of the 31 patients, and 17 patients (54.8%) had various collecting system malformations, while 5 (16.2%) had malrotation and other positional abnormalities. The prevalence of renal malformations was significantly higher in group A (51.1%) than group B (21.6%) (2:7.94, P〈0.05). Although 8 of the 9 patients with horse-shoe kidney had the 45,X karyotype, collecting system malformations were observed more frequently in group B. Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) were detected during follow-up in 7 patients, and hypertension developed in 3 patients. In patients who had a normal baseline nephrological evaluation, no problem suggesting renal disease developed during follow-up. We conclude that all forms of TS should have routine nephrological screening on diagnosis, since structural malformations of the kidney occur more frequently in nonmosaic 45,X TS, while collecting system malformations are mostly seen in mosaic/structural X forms. Those included in the group for nephrological follow-up had an increased risk for hypertension and/or UTI.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...