Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The main problems using plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) as a coating material on metallic implants are its porosity, low fatigue strength, and weak adherence to the metallic substrate. To overcome these problems a new technique using hot isostatic pressing (HIP) has been developed for producing HA-coated titanium (Ti) implants. Specimens produced at a maximum temperature of 850°C and a maximum pressure of 720 bar displayed a dense, glassy, 25-μm thick coating with small amounts of porosity and a mean surface roughness of 0.7μm, as compared with 1.6 μm for sandblasted Ti. Twenty conical HA-coated (720 and 100 bar pressure) and 10 noncoated Ti implants were inserted through the cortex of the lower margin of the mandibles of sheep and allowed to heal for 60 days. Push-out tests for implants processed at 720 bar pressure showed substantially higher bone/implant bonding values than for sandblasted Ti implants. Histological studies indicated a direct contact and probably chemical bonding between bone tissue and the HA coatings. The area of contact was almost 3 times as large as for the Ti implants. The adherence of the 100-bar coating to the Ti surface was inferior to the 720-bar coating, as shown by the loosening of the coatings in several areas. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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