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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate whether titanium endosseous implants would osseointegrate in dog alveolar ridges augmented by allogenic material. In 8 dogs en bloc resection, including 2 premolars, was performed bilaterally in the maxilla and the mandible. After a healing period of 6 weeks allogenic, demineralized and lyophilized dentin or bone was implanted subperiosteally. Titanium implants were installed 5.5 months later in some of the regions. Light and fluorescence microscopic evaluation revealed fibrous encapsulation of the implanted allogenic material, no osteoinduction and only minimal osteoconduction. few multi-nuclear giant cells and a sparse inflammatory reaction. The titanium implants healed mainly by fibrous encapsulation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: The main problems using plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) as a coating material on metallic implants are its porosity, low fatigue strength, and weak adherence to the metallic substrate. To overcome these problems a new technique using hot isostatic pressing (HIP) has been developed for producing HA-coated titanium (Ti) implants. Specimens produced at a maximum temperature of 850°C and a maximum pressure of 720 bar displayed a dense, glassy, 25-μm thick coating with small amounts of porosity and a mean surface roughness of 0.7μm, as compared with 1.6 μm for sandblasted Ti. Twenty conical HA-coated (720 and 100 bar pressure) and 10 noncoated Ti implants were inserted through the cortex of the lower margin of the mandibles of sheep and allowed to heal for 60 days. Push-out tests for implants processed at 720 bar pressure showed substantially higher bone/implant bonding values than for sandblasted Ti implants. Histological studies indicated a direct contact and probably chemical bonding between bone tissue and the HA coatings. The area of contact was almost 3 times as large as for the Ti implants. The adherence of the 100-bar coating to the Ti surface was inferior to the 720-bar coating, as shown by the loosening of the coatings in several areas. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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