Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A general procedure is presented for computing the gas phase heats of formation of a wide variety of organic compounds. ΔE for the formation of the molecule from its elements at 0 K is obtained from density functional calculations (Gaussian 92/DFT) for optimized geometries. This result is converted to ΔH at 298 K by assuming ideal behavior and adding the translational, rotational, and vibrational energies. Additive correction terms corresponding to the various coordination states of the carbons, nitrogens, and oxygens were developed using a database of 54 compounds. The experimental ΔHƒo values of these compounds are then reproduced with an average absolute error of 3 kcal/mol and a standard deviation of 4 kcal/mol. For a group of 10 test cases that were not part of the database, the average absolute error is 3.5 kcal/mol and the standard deviation is 4.1 kcal/mol. © 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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