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  • 1
    Keywords: Bioinformatics ; Genetics ; Human Genetics ; Agriculture ; Bioinformatics ; Genetics and Genomics ; Human Genetics ; Agriculture ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction to biological data -- Computers and bioinformatics -- Sequence biological databases -- Biological databases -- Other biological databases -- Nucleic acid sequencing -- Tools and methods in analysis of simple sequences -- Tools and methods in analysis of complex sequences -- Structural bioinformatics -- Protein structure annotations -- Introduction to functional bioinformatics -- Biological networks – tools, methods and analysis -- Metabolomics -- Drug discovery: concepts and approaches -- Drug designing methods and analysis -- Molecular molecular docking -- Insilico pcr -- Modeling and optimization of molecular bio-systems to generate predictive models -- Index
    Abstract: Bioinformatics is an integrative field of computer science, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and statistics, which has undoubtedly revolutionized the study of biology and medicine in past decades. It mainly assists in modeling, predicting and interpreting large multidimensional biological data by utilizing advanced computational methods. Despite its enormous potential, bioinformatics is not widely integrated into the academic curriculum as most life science students and researchers are still not equipped with the necessary knowledge to take advantage of this powerful tool. Hence, the primary purpose of our book is to supplement this unmet need by providing an easily accessible platform for students and researchers starting their career in life sciences. This book aims to avoid sophisticated computational algorithms and programming. Instead, it mostly focuses on simple DIY analysis and interpretation of biological data with personal computers. Our belief is that once the beginners acquire these basic skillsets, they will be able to handle most of the bioinformatics tools for their research work and to better understand their experimental outcomes. Unlike other bioinformatics books which are mostly theoretical, this book provides practical examples for the readers on state-of-the-art open source tools to solve biological problems. Flow charts of experiments, graphical illustrations, and mock data are included for quick reference. Volume I is therefore an ideal companion for students and early stage professionals wishing to master this blooming field
    Pages: XIV, 405 p. 193 illus., 186 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783030026349
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  • 2
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Bioinformatics ; Plant science ; Botany ; Life sciences ; Plant Sciences ; Bioinformatics ; Agriculture ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. Introduction to fundamental and applied bioinformatics research in plant life sciences -- Concept, development and application of novel computational methods for the analysis and integration of €“ómics data -- 3. Impact of high-throughput techniques on plant translational research -- 4. Functional genomics approaches in plant research -- 5. Bioinformatical versus experimental analyses of small RNAs in plants -- 6. Systems analyses of plant functions -- 7. Phylogenetic analyses and whole genome duplication (WGD) events -- 8. Application of bioinformatics in agriculture, plant breeding and, improved complex traits (e.g. yield and quality) -- 9. Application of bioinformatics in developing resistance against insects and harsh environments -- 10. Discovery of molecular markers such as single sequence repeats (SSRs) involved in gene mapping, molecular breeding and genetic diversity -- 11. Significance of bioinformatics in the new crop diseases-emergence -- 12. From genomics to the improved crop phenotype -- 13. Deciphering the effects of microbiome on plants using computational methods -- 14. Bioinformatics resources for plants -- 15. Recent Technological advances in plant bioinformatics -- 16. ́€˜Big Datမ challenges and future trends in plant bioinformatics research
    Abstract: Dr. Khalid Rehman Hakeem (PhD) is working as Associate Professor at Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, He has obtained his MSc. (Environmental Botany) as well as PhD (Botany) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India in 2006 and 2011 respectively. He has conducted his Post Doctorate research in the fields of plant ecology and plant biotechnological studies from Universiti Putra Malaysia from 2012-2013. Dr. Hakeem has more than Nine years of teaching and research experience in Plant Eco-Physiology, Biotechnology & Molecular biology, Plant Bioinformatics, Plant-Microbe-soil interactions as well as in Environmental sciences. Recipient of several fellowships at both national and international levels, Dr. Hakeem has so far edited and authored more than Twenty books with International publishers. He has also to his credit more than 100 research publications in peer reviewed international journals, including 35 book chapters with international publishers. He is also the Editorial board member and reviewer of several high impact international Journals. Dr. Hakeem is currently engaged in studying the plant processes at ecophysiological as well as proteomic levels.℗ Adeel Malik (PhD) is currently working as a Research Professor at Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea. He obtained his PhD (2009) from the Dept. of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI), New Delhi, India. During his PhD, he developed computational methods for the prediction of carbohydrate binding sites in proteins using sequence and evolutionary information. He obtained his postdoctoral fellowship from School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), Seoul, South Korea (2011-2012). As a part of his research, he investigated plant lectin-carbohydrate interactions via community-based network analysis by using glycan array data. He worked as an Assistant Professor at School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, South Korea and later at Perdana University Center for Bioinformatics (PU-CBi), Malaysia. His research interests include developing computational methods for studying protein-carbohydrate interactions and applyinging bioinformatics approaches to explore the role of glycogenes in various biological processes. He has published about 19 research articles in high impact journals including 3 book chapters. ℗ Prof. Munir Ozturk (PhD, DSc.) was born in Kashmir (1943) and holds PhD+DSc degrees in Ecology & Environmental Sciences from Ege University, Turkey. He is author of over 450 papers on ecological studies as well as biomonitoring in different habitats and is member in the editorial board of as well as reviewer in several journals. Dr. ©–zt©ơrk has received fellowships from Alexander von Humboldt and Japanese Society for Promotion of Science. He has worked at the University of Chapel Hill, North Carolina using the grant from National Science Foundation, USA; as well as a Consultant Fellow at the Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia and as ́€œDistinguished Visiting Scientist́€ at the ICCBS, Karachi University, Pakistan. His fields of scientific interest are; Plant Eco-Physiology; Conservation of Plant Diversity; Biosaline Agriculture and Crops; Pollution, Biomonitoring, Medicinal/Aromatic Plants. The current number of his publications lies around 450. These include over 40 books, nearly 55 book chapters, more than 170 papers in impact factor journals and more than 150 presentations in ́€œNational and International Conferences, Workshops, Symposiဝ and has acted as guest editor for several international journals.℗ Prof. Vardar-Sukan (PhD) is a chemical engineer graduated from Ege University, Izmir, Turkey with biochemical engineering from University College London, UK. She has 35 years of teaching and research experience and has over150 publications in the fields of scale-up, mass and momentum transfer in bioreactors, re-utilization of agro-industrial waste through bio-industries and R&D & I management and support and nearly 1500 citations. She is the founding head of the Bioengineering Department at Ege University since 2000 and is a pioneer in the field in Turkey. She has been involved in 21 EU supported projects and 27 national and international projects supported by different national, international funds or industry on biotechnology, R&D and innovation support, science and society, either as a coordinator, partner or researcher. She is a refree in numerous scientific journals. She is the holder of Turkish Scientific and Technological Council Incentive award in Bioegineering in 1989 and has three patent applications one of them being a PCT. She is currently the Chair-person of the national Biotechnology Strategy Committee of the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology of TurkeyIndustry and Technology of Turkey
    Pages: XIV, 459 p. 50 illus., 49 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319671567
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  • 3
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Microbiology ; Plant physiology ; Life sciences ; Plant physiology ; Agriculture ; Microbiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Biological function and process of interaction in soil.-℗ ℗ Plant Soil interaction and their effect on ecological stress -- Plant microbe and soil interaction and effect on mineral nutrition -- Abiotic and biotic stresses and their responses on the plant-pathogen/soil interaction -- Sustainable crop production system -- Plant growth promoting bacteria, response and their interaction with plant and soil -- Effect of phytohormones against the environmental stresses -- Role of signalling molecules in plant-soil-microbe interactions -- Pathogenic and symbiotic interaction in plant and soil.-℗ ℗ Nutrient and water use efficiency -- Mycorrhizal association and their role in plant disease protection -- Root nodule bacterium prospective in sustainable agricultural practices -- Effect of pesticides on the environment.-℗ ℗ Weed control in integrated management system -- Biopesticides and crop management strategies -- Climate change and crop protection -- Formulation of growth promoting bacterium and challenges -- Techniques and methods used to understand the plant soil microbe interactions -- Biogeochemical interaction and their monitoring tool -- Mode of action and mechanism involved in the plant-microbe and soil interactions -- Understanding the mechanism of biogeocenosis
    Abstract: The interactions between the plant, soil and microbes are complex in nature. Events may be antagonistic, mutualistic or synergistic, depending upon the types of microorganisms and their association with the plant and soil in question. Multi-trophic tactics can therefore be employed to nourish plants in various habitats and growth conditions. Understanding the mechanisms of these interactions is thus highly desired in order to utilize the knowledge in an ecofriendly and sustainable way. This holistic approach to crop improvement may not only resolve the upcoming food security issues, but also make the environment greener by reducing the chemical inputs. Plant, soil and microbe, Volume 1: Implications in Crop Science, along with the forthcoming Volume 2: Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions, provide detailed accounts of the exquisite and delicate balance between the three critical components of agronomy. Specifically, these two titles focus on the basis of nutrient exchange between the microorganisms and the host plants, the mechanism of disease protection and the recent molecular details emerged from studying this multi-tropic interaction. Together they aim to provide a solid foundation for the students, teachers, and researchers interested in soil microbiology, plant pathology, ecology and agronomy
    Pages: XIV, 366 p. 61 illus., 11 illus. in color. : online resource.
    Edition: 1st ed. 2016.
    ISBN: 9783319274553
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  • 4
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Forests and forestry ; Botany ; Sustainable development ; Biomaterials ; Life sciences ; Plant Sciences ; Sustainable development ; Biomaterials ; Agriculture ; Forestry ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Processing and Properties of Date palm fibers and its Composites -- Bamboo Fiber Processing, Properties and Applications -- Abaca fiber: A Renewable Bio-Resource for Industrial Uses and Other Applications -- Processing and Properties of Bagasse Fibres -- Agricultural Biomass Raw Materials: The Current State and Future Potentialities -- Kapok Fiber: Structure and Properties -- Production of Natural Fiber Obtained from the Leaves of Pineapple Plants (Ananas comosus) Cultivated in Costa Rica -- Indian Date Leaf FRP Composites: Mechanical and Dielectric Properties -- Sugarcane Straw and Bagasse -- Studies on Okra Bast Fibre Reinforced Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Composites -- Okra Fibres as Potential Reinforcement in Biocomposites -- Biomass Resources in Environmental and Socio-Economic Analysis of Fuel-Wood Consumption -- Production of Algal Biomass -- Natural Fibers Reinforced Polymeric Matrix: Thermal, Mechanical and Interfacial Properties -- Lignocellulosic Materials as the Potential Source of Catalyst -- Straw Availability, Quality, Recovery and Energy Use of Sugarcane -- Jatropha curcas: A Prospective Energy Crop -- Algal Biomass Production Using Waste Water -- Biomass Steam Gasification for Hydrogen Production: A Systematic Review -- Bioethanol G2 : Production Process and Recent Studies
    Abstract: At present biomass and bioenergy are the most significant renewable energy options and will remain so in the near and medium-term future. Biomass has the potential to become the world's largest and most sustainable energy source and will be very much in demand. Bioenergy is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the world and can thus serve as an effective option for the provision of energy services. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. The current book is the first of a two volume series 'Biomass and Bioenergy', which is an up to date account of highly important characteristics of biomass and bioenergy. The present book comprising of twenty chapters from distinguished scientists and researchers around the tropics, reporting the diversity of untapped biomass and bioenergy resources, their processing and properties as well as their value-added functions as a bio-based feedstock in a sustainable economy. This book articulately highlighted the usefulness of biomass residues that are mostly known in the tropical world. In this book, the inclusion of a broad range of bast fibres, for example, kapok, pine apple leaf, Indian date fibre etc., mainly existing in the tropics with unexploited potential of vast and wide range value-addition in an energy-intensive world makes perfect sense. Lastly, chapters on alternative energy sources highlight the progress in algal biomass research as well as biomass steam gasification for Hydrogen production. We hope this book will serve as a comprehensive primer for individuals who are interested in learning about the vast potentials of tropical biomass
    Pages: XVIII, 367 p. 101 illus., 52 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319076416
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  • 5
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Climate Change ; Agriculture ; Plant breeding ; Life sciences ; Agriculture ; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts ; Plant Breeding/Biotechnology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Heavy Metal Stress and Crop Productivity -- Effects of Gamma Radiation on Crop Production -- Pesticide Tolerance and Crop Production -- Implication of Rhizosphere Acidification in Nutrient Uptake by Plants: Cases of Potassium (K), Phosphorus (P) and Iron (Fe) -- Effect of Industrial Pollution on Crop Productivity -- Role of Seed Quality in Improving Crop Yields -- Sustaining Cocoa Production on Oxisols in Malaysia -- Plant Mutagenesis and Crop Improvement -- Effect of Climate Change on Horticultural Crops -- Effect of Elevated Levels of Carbon dioxide on the Activity of RuBisCO and Crop Productivity -- Insect Pest Resistance: An Alternative Approach for Crop Protection -- Biofertilizer for Sustainable Rice Production and Reduction of Environmental Pollution -- Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Biotic and Abiotic Stresses: An Overview -- Use of Alien Diversity to Combat some Major Biotic Stresses in Triticum aestivum L -- Sulfur Nutrition of Oil Palm for Enhancing Oil Yield in Tropics -- Genetic Modification of Crop Plants: Issues and Challenges -- Plant Responses and Tolerance to High Temperature Stress: Role of Exogenous Phytoprotectants -- Agricultural Adaptation and Climate Change Policy for Crop Production in Africa -- Causes and Prevention of Cherry Cracking- A Review -- Climate Change and Plants -- Fertilizers and Environment: Issues and Challenges
    Abstract: Agricultural production has been considered as the key sector for revitalization of the economy and well being of the people in any country. For decades, due to increasing food demand together with policies encouraging production, agricultural science has focused on boosting production through the development of new technologies. Agriculture has become increasingly intensive. Farmers are becoming capable of producing higher yields using less labor and less land due to many factors, including use of fertilizer, and pesticides, introduction of farm machinery, development of hybrid and genetically modified strains and increased knowledge about farm management practices. Intensification of agriculture has not, however, been an unmixed blessing because this success has come at a high environmental cost. The damaging effects of intensification of agriculture include water, air and soil pollution, as well as the loss of wildlife, habitats and landscape features. As agricultural sustainability means maintaining productivity while protecting the natural resource base, there is increasing general recognition of the need to improve environmental performance in agriculture, through enhancing the benefits and reducing the harmful environmental effects. The book ‘Crop Production and Global Environmental Issues’ is a very timely effort in this direction. It discusses the main environmental issues and challenges which affects the crop production and productivity throughout the globe, particularly in developing countries. The book also provides some solutions to cope up with such challenges
    Pages: XIV, 598 p. 39 illus., 33 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319231624
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  • 6
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Biochemistry ; Cell receptors ; Cytokines ; Botany ; Life sciences ; Plant Biochemistry ; Plant Sciences ; Cytokines and Growth Factors ; Receptors ; Biochemistry, general ; Protein Science ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: ℗ 1. Plant signaling: response to reactive oxygen species -- 2. SNARE proteins as signalling elements -- 3. Plant Rab GTPases in membrane trafficking and signaling -- 4."PtdIns4P and PtdIns(4,5)P2 as signalling phosphoinositides involved in tip growth " -- 5. Sugar signaling in plant growth and development -- 6. Nitrogen regulation and signalling in plants -- 7. "Phosphorus deficiency in plants: responses, adaptive mechanisms and signaling" -- 8. Reactive oxygen species-associated mechanism of acclamatory stress tolerance, signaling and redox-regulated gene expression in plants -- 9. Cyclic nucleotide gated channels-Essential signalling components in plants for fertilization and immunity responses -- 10. Signaling in response to cold stress -- 11. Cell Signaling during Drought and Salt Stress -- 12. Heat signaling and stress responses in photosynthesis -- 13. Senescence: Regulation and Signaling -- 14. Molecular builders of cell walls of Lignocellulosic feedstock: a source for biofuels -- 15. Recent Trends in Jasmonate Signaling Pathway -- 16. Salicylic acid signaling -- 17. Ethylene signaling in plants- introspection -- 18. Plant, Mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial network -- 19. Self-Incompatibility patterns and signal transduction -- 20. Plant Disease Resistance genes: From perception to signal transduction. ℗
    Abstract: Plant signalling has emerged as an integrated field which has become indispensable in recent times to study any biological process. Over the last decade, an enormous amount of information has been generated in this field and the advances in information technology gave birth to bioinformatics which has helped greatly in managing the galaxy of information. It is now possible to view the different information’s in a systems biology approach which has unravelled the association/ new processes and thus helped us enormously in understanding of the biological processes. The present book is an attempt at understanding the plant signalling processes with different perspectives. Even though the plants are sessile but there exists a tremendous interconnected network of perception at morphological, physiological and molecular levels. The impact of the surrounding environment in terms of abiotic and biotic stresses is significant in terms of its survival, adaptation and productivity for the human welfare. The plants possess a wide array of processes at the organ, tissue and cellular levels which are governed by a plethora of molecules. The molecules govern individual processes and these exists a cross talk between them to form a complex network of processes. The book tries to envision how different processes are operating at different points in the life cycle of the plant
    Pages: X, 355 p. 56 illus., 42 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9788132215424
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  • 7
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Plant anatomy ; Agriculture ; Nutrition ; Pharmaceutical technology ; Alternative Medicine ; Plant Biochemistry ; Plant Anatomy/Development ; Agriculture ; Nutrition ; Pharmaceutical Sciences/Technology ; Complementary & Alternative Medicine ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Foreword by Her Excellency Prof. Dr. Ammenah Gurib Fakim, President, Mauritius,- Turkey’s plant diversity and its opportunities from an ethnobotanical perspective -- Traditional plant based Chinese medicine -- Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine in East Africa -- Herbal Medicines from Palestine and Jordan -- Herbals from Hindukush -- Plants used in the traditional medicine in Sindh-Pakistan -- Medicinal and Aromatic Plants from Uzbekistan -- Herbal Medicine in Pakistan, Past, Present and Future -- Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Iğdır (Turkey), Nahçivan (Azerbaijan) and Tebriz (Iran) -- Medicinal Aromatic Halophytes of Iran -- Traditional Medicine in Malang and Environs-Indonesia -- Agro-physiological aspects for domestication of Alliums as a crop for medicinal purposes -- Evaluation of poisonous plants from the plant diversity in Upper Mesopotamia -- Herbal folk medicine used in the treatment of hypertension and diabetes in Southeast Anatolian Region of Turkey -- Medicinal & Aromatic Plants of Sri Lanka -- Cosmetic uses of native plants in Turkey: Reflections on public health and economy -- Traditional Medicine in Azad Kashmir-Pakistan -- Herbals Used in the Folk Medicine of Kirghizistan -- Traditional Medicine Research and Development in Nigeria -- Medicinal Aspects of Andrographis paniculata -- Traditional and Modern Applications: A Case Study from South Indian Trees -- Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Product Development in South Africa -- Herbal Medicinal Plants and Traditional Herb Remedies -- Medicinal Plants of Kashmir Himalaya and Unani Medicine -- Bruneian Knowledge and Practice in Traditional Medicines -- Herbal Remedies by Medicinal Resources in Bhutan -- Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plants in the Lao PDR -- Traditional Use and Research on Herbal in Mauritius -- Traditional Medical Science in Mongolia -- Status of Medicinal Plants and Prospects of their Cultivation -- IPR Protection and MAPS
    Abstract: Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East. Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms. On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques. For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds, which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions. However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures. Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, it focuses on the secondary metabolic compounds, which afford protection against diseases. Lastly, Volume 3 discusses the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture
    Pages: XXII, 805 p. 131 illus., 118 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319939971
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  • 8
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Polymers ; Agriculture ; Wood ; Sustainable development ; Farm economics ; Biomaterials ; Life sciences ; Wood Science & Technology ; Polymer Sciences ; Agriculture ; Agricultural Economics ; Biomaterials ; Sustainable development ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Potential utilization of kenaf biomass in different applications -- Natural fiber reinforced polymer for structural application -- Natural fiber reinforced composites: Potential, applications and properties -- Effects of nanotechnology on fluid flow in agricultural and wood-based composites materials -- Composites from Bagasse fibres: Its characterization and applications -- Life cycle assessment of natural fiber polymer composites -- Tensile, oxygen barrier and biodegradation properties of rice husk reinforced polyethylene blown films -- Extraction of lignin from biomass for biodiesel production -- Potential agro-wastes for biofuels -- Utilization of oilseed cakes for human nutrition and health benefits -- Bamboo biomass: Various studies and potential applications for value added products -- Mesoporous silica powder for dental restoration composites from rice husk: A green sol-gel synthesis -- Rheological properties and processing of polymer blends with micro- and nanofibrillated cellulose -- Optimization of admixture and three-layer particleboard made from oil palm empty fruit bumch and rubberwood clones -- Characterization and use of coir, almond, apricot, argan, shells and wood as reinforcement in the polymeric matrix in order to valorize these productions -- Algae derived biomass for sustainable and renewable biofuel production -- Empty fruit bunches in the race for energy, biochemical and material industry -- Extraction of lignin from biomass for biofuel production -- Biomass pellet technology: A green approach for sustainable development -- Biomass an ageless raw material for biofuels -- Power reservoirs of jumble based biomass in Asia -- Chemical processes and reaction by-productions involved in the biorefinery concept of biofuel production -- Chemical modifications and properties of coir fibers biocomposites
    Abstract: Agricultural biomass is abundant worldwide and it can be considered as alternative source of renewable and sustainable materials which can be used as potential materials for different applications. Despite this enormous production of agricultural biomass, only a small fraction of the total biomass is utilized for different applications. Industry must be prepared to take advantage of the situation and utilize the available biomass in the best possible manner. Agricultural biomass such as natural fibres has been successfully investigated as a great potential to be used as a renewable and sustainable materials for the production of composite materials. Natural fibres offer excellent specific properties and have potential as outstanding reinforcing fillers in the matrix and can be used as an alternative material for biocomposites, hybrid composites, pulp, and paper industries. Natural fibre based polymer composites made of jute, oil palm, flex, hemp, kenaf have a low market cost, attractive with respect to global sustainability and find increasing commercial use in different applications. Agricultural biomass based composites find applications in a number of fields viz., automotive industry and construction industry. Future research on agricultural biomass-natural fibre based composites should not only be limited to its automotive applications but can be explored for its application in aircraft components, construction industry, rural housing and biomedical applications. In this book we will cover the chemical, physical, thermal, electrical, and biodegradability properties of agricultural biomass based composite materials and its different potential applications. The main goal of this volume is to familiarize researchers, scientists and engineers with the unique research opportunities and potentials of agricultural biomass based materials
    Pages: XXI, 505 p. 163 illus., 77 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319138473
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  • 9
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Botany ; Environmental sciences ; Life sciences ; Plant Sciences ; Environment, general ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Non-Wood Renewable Materials: Properties Improvement and Its Application -- Jatropha curcas L: A Future Energy Crop with Enormous Potential -- Upgrading of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch to Value Added Products -- Bioenergy Derived from Electrochemically Active Biofilms -- In-Situ Transesterification Reaction for Biodiesel Production -- Abaca Fiber: A Renewable Bio-Resource for Industrial uses and Other Applications -- Micro Algal Biomass as a source of Renewable Energy -- Lignocellulosic biomass: As Future Alternative for Bioethanol Production -- Utilization of Sawmill By-Product for Making Cellulose and its Valuable Derivatives -- Upgrading of Oil Palm Biomass to Value-Added Products -- Polylactic Acid-Based Kenaf Biomass Synthesized via Ring Opening Polymerization -- Chemical Functionalization of Cellulosic Fibers for Green Polymer Composites Applications -- Kapok Fiber: Applications -- Nanofibrillated Cellulose: Sustainable Nanofiller with Broad Potentials Use -- Unlocking the Destructive Powers of Wood Eating Termites: From Pest to Biopolymer Derivatives Extractor -- Agricultural residues from crop harvesting and processing: A Renewable Source Of Bio-Energy -- Application of Micro or Small Scale Biomass Derived Fuel System for Power Generation -- Application of Biomass Derived Catalyst
    Abstract: The current book is the second volume of the 'Biomass and Bioenergy' series, specifically written to offer new and updated materials related to the applications of biomass and bioenergy. Unique topics include non-wood renewable materials (oil palm, bamboo, rattan, bagasse, and kenaf); upgrading of oil palm as added product (a long identified sustainable source of renewable energy); biodiesel synthesis using transesterification of triglycerides and application of single-step process for biodiesel synthesis from microalgae; electrochemically active biofilms for microbial fuel cells, nanomaterial synthesis, bioremediation and bio-hydrogen production; microalgal biomass as a source of renewable energy; a critical analysis of the current situation and future needs for lignocellulosic biomass; utilization of sawmill by-product for making cellulose and its valuable derivatives; valorization of oil palm biomass in relation to biorefinery approach; polylactic acid-based kenaf biomass synthesis; chemical functionalization of natural cellulosic fibers for green polymer composites applications; recent applications of kapok fiber; abaca fiber as a renewable bio-resource for industrial uses and other applications in environmental protection; recent advances in nanofibrillated cellulose extraction; termites from pest to biopolymer derivatives extractor with special emphasis on termite lignocellulolytic system; and last but not least, applications of biomass derived catalyst. We hope this book will serve as a comprehensive primer for individuals who are interested in learning about the vast potentials of tropical biomass
    Pages: XVI, 400 p. 134 illus., 77 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9783319075785
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  • 10
    Keywords: Life sciences ; Endangered ecosystems ; Forests and forestry ; Life sciences ; Ecosystems ; Forestry ; Forestry Management ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Mangrove Ecosystems of Malaysia: Status, Challenges and Management Strategies -- Chapter 2: Distribution and Rarity of Rhizophoraceae in Peninsular Malaysia -- Chapter 3: Distribution and Current Status of Mangrove Forests in Indonesia -- Chapter 4: Mangrove Forests in Thailand -- Chapter 5: Philippines' Mangrove Ecosystem: Status, Threats and Conservation -- Chapter 6: Distribution, Characteristics and Economic Importance of Mangrove Forests in Iran -- Chapter 7: Plant Diversity and Forest Structure of the Three Protected Areas (Wildlife Sanctuaries) of Bangladesh Sundarbans: Current Status and Management Strategies -- Chapter 8: Mangrove Fauna of Asia -- Chapter 9: Mangrove Forests of Timor-Leste: Ecology, Degradation, and Vulnerability to Climate Change -- Chapter 10: Vulnerability of Mangroves to Climate Change -- Chapter 11: Impacts of Climate Change on Asian Mangrove Forests -- Chapter 12: Quantification of Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Turnover in Two Mangrove Forests Using Dual Carbon Isotopic Measurements -- Chapter 13: The Relationship between Mangrove Deforestation and Economic Development in Thailand -- Chapter 14: Remote Sensing Technology: Recent Advancements for Mangrove Ecosystems -- Chapter 15: Management Strategies for Sustainable Exploitation of Aquatic Resources of the Sundarbans Mangrove, Bangladesh -- Chapter 16: Economic Sustainability for Halophyte Cash Farms in Urban Environments -- Chapter 17: Research and Development Activities towards Sustainable Management of Mangroves in Peninsular Malaysia -- Chapter 18: Climate Change Adaptation: Management Options for Mangrove Areas -- Chapter 19: Managing Mangrove Habitat Expansion in New Zealand -- Chapter 20: Mangroves are Wetlands, not Forests: Some Implications for their Management
    Abstract: Mangrove ecosystems occur in the inter-tidal region between sea and land in tropical and sub-tropical latitudes and provide important ecosystem goods and services. These forests help stabilize shorelines and reduce the devastating impact of natural disasters such as tsunamis and hurricanes. They serve as breeding and nursing grounds for marine species, and are sources of food, medicine, fuel, and building materials for local communities. However, these ecosystems have been declining at an alarming rat途perhaps even more rapidly than inland tropical forests€”ánd much of what remains is in a degraded condition. Habitat destruction through human encroachment has been the primary cause of mangrove loss. The loss of mangrove habitats has resulted in a decline in fishery resources and biodiversity. This book provides an up-to-date account of mangrove ecosystems in Asia as well as restoration and ecosystem management techniques to ensure the sustainability and conservation of the mangrove. The book is divided into sections presenting the distribution and status of mangrove ecosystems in Asia, the challenges they are facing, the issues and opportunities arising from these challenges, and management strategies for mangrove conservation
    Pages: XVI, 471 p. 148 illus., 133 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9781461485827
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