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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Smooth muscle cell (SMC) growth may play an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Recent studies have demonstrated that, under different growth stimuli in vivo, SMC may respond by proliferation of diploid cells, polyploidization to the tetraploid (or even octaploid) state, or both. In this study, we used flow cytometry to evaluate the intrinsic tendencies of aortic SMC and nonarterial cells from rats of different strains, ages, and blood pressures to polyploidize in response to in vitro growth stimulation. Significant strain-related differences in polyploidization of aortic SMC were found (P 〈 0.001): highest in WKY (normotensive inbred rat related to SHR), intermediate in SHR (genetically hypertensive rat), and lowest in Sprague-Dawley and Fischer (normotensive outbred and inbred rats). Animal age had less or no effect on the degree of polyploidization. Nonarterial cells (venous SMC and lung cells) from WKY and SHR remained essentially diploid, suggesting tissue specificity of in vitro polyploidization. Studies of the growth kinetics of uncloned and clonal populations of aortic SMC revealed decreased proliferation as the ploidy increased in WKY, SHR, and Sprague-Dawley, These findings suggest that genetic strain factors as well as cell type/site of origin significantly influence in vitro polyploidization, whereas animal age and blood pressure do not. The findings also emphasize the need to consider ploidy changes when evaluating in vitro SMC growth kinetics. Further studies will improve understanding of SMC growth regulation and the functional significance of vascular polyploidy.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The smooth muscle cell population in major arteries of humans and experimental animals is heterogeneous with regard tocellular DNA content. A proportion of cells has polyploid DNA content and this proportion increases with normal aging and with hypertension. We have isolated pure populations of rat aortic smooth muscle cells containing 2C, 4C, and 8C DNA content by cloning of cultures of cells previously subjected to flow cytometric cell sorting. Karyologic analysis of these clonal populations revealed them to be pure diploid, tetraploid, and octaploid populations, respectively, containing 2N (= 42), 4N, and 8N chromosomes. Cell attachment area and nuclear size appeared to increase with the level of ploidy. Studies of the proliferative characteristics of the cells revealed that the growth rate and ultimate cell densities achieved decreased as the ploidy level increased. The intrinsic cellular radiosensitivity of these clones did not vary with ploidy. Increased smooth muscle cell ploidy is, therefore, associated with a decreased rate of proliferation. The emergence of smooth muscle cells with polyploid DNA content under normal and pathologic conditios is probably due to mitotic polyploidization without net cell proliferation and may be related to the need for expression of differentiated functions.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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