Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The early (ovarian) stages of oogenesis inTrilocularia acanthiaevulgaris have been studied by light microscope histochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. The process proceeds as far as meiotic prophase in the primary oocyte. The oogonia and early immature primary oocytes occupy the anterior and outer edges of the ovary and are typically undifferentiated cells, showing a high nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio. The scant cytoplasm is packed with free ribosomes and contains a small number of mitochondria and a few short strands of granular endoplasmic reticulum (GER). The oogonia undergo a number of mitotic divisions, marked by the presence of centrioles. The immature primary oocytes enter meiotic prophase, as evidenced by the appearance of nuclear synaptonemal complexes. The maturing primary oocytes, which occupy the inner, central region of the ovary, undergo a growth phase that is accompanied by an increased nucleolar volume and export of RNA to the cytoplasm via nuclear pores, and by an increase in the number of mitochondria. A GER network develops and, together with the Golgi complexes, is involved in the production of a small number of cortical granules. The GER often takes the form of concentric cisternae. Numerous lipid droplets are also present in the cytoplasm. The mature primary oocytes predominate in the posterior region of the ovary, near the oviduct. They represent a resting phase in development, in which cellular activity is minimal. Lipid droplets are abundant and the cortical granules remain in more central regions of the cell and do not migrate to the periphery of the cell. The ovary contains a second, non-germinal type of cell, the follicle cell. The cell body is smaller in size than the oogonia, and cytoplasmic processes from it ramify around the periphery of the ovary. The different cell types within the ovary are embedded in a cytoplasmic matrix that contains a number of organelles.
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