Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Although neural progenitor cells (NPCs) may provide a source of new neurons to alleviate neural trauma, little is known about their electrical properties as they differentiate. We have previously shown that single NPCs from the adult rat hippocampus can be cloned in the presence of heparan sulphate chains purified from the hippocampus, and that these cells can be pushed into a proliferative phenotype with the mitogen FGF2 [Chipperfield, H., Bedi, K.S., Cool, S.M. & Nurcombe, V. (2002) Int. J. Dev. Biol., 46, 661–670]. In this study, the active and passive electrical properties of both undifferentiated and differentiated adult hippocampal NPCs, from 0 to 12 days in vitro as single-cell preparations, were investigated. Sparsely plated, undifferentiated NPCs had a resting membrane potential of ≈ −90 mV and were electrically inexcitable. In 〉 70%, ATP and benzoylbenzoyl-ATP evoked an inward current and membrane depolarization, whereas acetylcholine, noradrenaline, glutamate and GABA had no detectable effect. In Fura-2-loaded undifferentiated NPCs, ATP and benzoylbenzoyl-ATP evoked a transient increase in the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration, which was dependent on extracellular Ca2+ and was inhibited reversibly by pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2′-4′-disulphonic acid (PPADS), a P2 receptor antagonist. After differentiation, NPC-derived neurons became electrically excitable, expressing voltage-dependent TTX-sensitive Na+ channels, low- and high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels and delayed-rectifier K+ channels. Differentiated cells also possessed functional glutamate, GABA, glycine and purinergic (P2X) receptors. Appearance of voltage-dependent and ligand-gated ion channels appears to be an important early step in the differentiation of NPCs.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7381
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The distribution of purinergic (P2x1) receptors on smooth muscle cells in relation to autonomic nerve varicosities in the rat urinary bladder has been determined using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. P2x1 receptors were visualized using rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the extracellular domain of the P2x1 receptor, and varicosities were visualized using a mouse monoclonal antibody against the ubiquitous synaptic vesicle proteoglycan SV2. Two size classes of P2x1 receptor clusters were observed on the smooth muscle cells of the detrusor, namely, a large ellipse of mean long axis 1.23 ± 0.21 μm and short axis 0.92 ± 0.17 μm and a smaller spherical cluster with a mean diameter of 0.40 ± 0.04 μm. The latter occured in much greater numbers than the former in selected areas, with a density as high as 0.8 per μm2 or two orders of magnitude more than the larger-sized clusters. The large clusters are in general located beneath varicosities, with only 4.5% of P2x1 clusters not possessing an overlying varicosity. None of the small clusters was associated with varicosities. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the P2x1 and SV2 labelling at individual varicosities showed that the varicosities were immediately apposed to the P2x1 receptor clusters. On occasions, two or more small SV2-labelled varicosities about 0.7 μm in diameter each with a receptor patch were found juxtaposed to each other; these might represent the splitting up of a single large varicosity. These observations are discussed in relation to the identity of the autonomic neuromuscular junction.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Cardiomyocytes ; P2X receptors ; Autonomic control of the heart ; Heart failure ; Dilated cardiomyopathy ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: This is the first report of the analysis of the ATP-specific P2X1 receptor subunit in human hearts. We have examined homogenate samples of human left atria for the presence of P2X1 receptors using Western blots. Anti-P2X1 immunoreactivity was detected in populations of nondiseased atria as well as in atria from explanted hearts from patients with terminally failing heart conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy. At least three groups of P2X1 immunoreactive proteins were detected in the Western blots with approximate molecular mass values of 50, 70, and 160 kDa. We report changes in expression of their 50 and 70 kDa components. These changes may be related to the type of deficit in these hearts since the changes have been observed in hearts with decreased ejection fractions characteristic of dilated cardiomyopathy.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...