Key words GroEL
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A combination of sedimentation equilibrium and sedimentation velocity in the analytical ultracentrifuge is used to investigate the hydrodynamic integrity and increased self-association interactions of the mutant GroEL Y203W when compared to the wild-type GroEL molecule, which may be derived from increased hydrophobic exposure caused by the mutation. Sedimentation velocity has revealed that three distinct species were present throughout the concentration ranges used, corresponding to 14-mer (GroEL “super monomer”) and 28-mer (“super dimer”) subunit compositions with a small amount of 42-mer (“super trimer”), which, from the relative concentration of each species, would give an estimated weight average molecular weight of (1.0 ± 0.1) × 106 Da. Sedimentation equilibrium gave an apparent weight average molecular weight (M w,app) of (910,000 ± 5000) Da, which is in agreement with these findings. These results are in contrast to wild-type GroEL which, in excellent agreement with the previous findings of Behlke and co-workers, revealed a single species with an M w,app of (805,000 ± 5200) Da and a sedimentation coefficient s 0 20,w of (21.6 ± 0.3) S. We therefore conclude that the tryptophan mutation at the Y203 location causes a significant degree of self-association of the GroEL 14-mer assembly (with dimer and trimer present). These findings would appear to correlate well with the findings of Gibbons et al., who showed an increase in hydrophobic exposure due to this mutation.
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