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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 42 (1977), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The effect of shear on yeast viability in semi-moist dogfood was examined using a Brabender extruder. It was found that the viability of yeast cells could be reduced by 20–60% at 40° C by single pass extrusion through 3.18 mm bore tubes of 2.5–30.5 cm lengths. Auger speeds of 20–50 rpm resulted in mass flowrates of 6.7–19.6 g/min. A semi-empirical rate equation was developed to relate the shear rate, fluid behavior, and residence time to cell viability. Regression analysis showed a linear dependency of log decimal cell viability on the power input per food mass in the shear zone of the extruder die.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 18 (1976), S. 1193-1218 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A conceptual model of aerobic microbial growth in semisolid matrices was developed as a first step in the prediction of the rate of breakdown of semisolid cellulosic material. The conceptual model was described by a series of equations simplified by the assumption of steady-state microbial activity, and heat and mass transfer limitation. Temperature and oxygen distribution in compost piles were measured experimentally at the Butler County Mushroom Farm, Butler County, Pennsylvania, to test the validity of these assumptions. The compost piles consisted of ground corn husks, straw, and race horse manure. The data fit with the model was excellent with deviations between model predictions (as solved by an analog computer) and actual temperature measurements never exceeding 3°C. The effects of compost pile geometry, external temperature, compost density, external oxygen concentration, and insulation at the bottom of the pile were then predicted using a digital computer to solve the model. The predictions show that the maximum breakdown rate occurs for an optimum height (which depends upon the system), insulating the base increases the breakdown rate, increasing the external temperature increases the initial breakdown rate but decreases the pseudo-steady-state breakdown rate and the uniformity, and any increase in the external oxygen concentration increases the breakdown rate but decreases the uniformity.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 28 (1986), S. 836-841 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: An experimental design to estimate the parameters in a Monod-type equation from batch culture data was examined. Consideration was given to the design of experiments to estimate accurate values of the parameters. Sequential experimental design with the information index was used for this purpose. With this approach the standard deviation of the parameter values was reduced using simulated batch culture data.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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