Key words End-stage renal
Quality of life
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The improved prognosis and survival statistics of both renal transplantation and dialysis have focused attention on the quality of life offered by these treatments. Using a standardized questionnaire, we assessed the quality of life of 612 patients undergoing renal replacement therapy at our center. Of these patients, 359 had been transplanted and 253 patients were on dialysis. Concerning the sociodemographic data, only the time on specific treatment was longer in dialysis patients than in transplanted patients (49.2 versus 55.6 months, P 〈 0.05). Most complaints were more common in dialysis patients than in transplanted patients. Only the side effects of medication were seen more in transplanted patients (P 〈 0.005). Life satisfaction was higher in transplanted patients than in dialysis patients. Dialysis patients were more anxious (P 〈 0.05) and more depressed (P 〈 0.001) than transplanted patients. Transplanted patients also felt that they had more social support than did dialysis patients. Overall life quality was almost equal between patients on hemodialysis and patients on peritoneal dialysis, and between patients on the waiting list for transplantation and those not on the waiting list. Despite a significantly better quality of life after renal transplantation, the percentage of patients working remained unchanged. (57.5 % versus 57.8 %, P = n.s.). We conclude that despite an improved quality of life after renal transplantation, these patients are economically not more productive than patients on dialysis.
Type of Medium: