Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract A hydrodynamic model for the part of the human arterial network below the renal arteries has been constructed using specially fabricated distensible tubes and a pulsatile pump to simulate an aortoiliac bypass. The experiments and the computer model indicated that no ‘steal’ occurred due to the insertion of the bypass graft. Also, the results showed that the length of the stenosis had a non-systematic apparent effect on the physiological significance of the obstruction and that the kinetic power represented only a small percentage of the total power. The total power efficiency of the bypass graft was unaffected by its elastic properties. The experimental investigation also indicated that the pressure drop across the stenosis was considerably larger than the drop calculated using the Poiseuille flow relationship when the stenosis was severe. Therefore, a critical arterial stenosis value cannot be defined as an obstruction of a constant percentage reduction of luminal area. It varies directly with the effective cross-sectional area and inversely with the flow rate. The value of angiography in assessing the functional significance of any arterial stenosis is there-fore limited. A better method for evaluation requires quantitative measurements of local blood pressure and blood flow, not only at rest, but also under conditions creating augmented flows due to exercise.
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