Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Residual radiation injury was demonstrated in long-term primary cultures of mouse bone marrow. Control cultures underwent three phases of hematopoietic activity as distinguished by initial establishment, steady high (plateau) production of granulocytes, and gradual decline. Irradiation with 50, 300, or 550 rads, given at the end of the initial phase, did not prevent any culture flasks from entering the plateau phase. However, actual production levels and the time they were maintained varied inversely with the radiation dose so that the accumulated postradiation cell production corresponded to an exponential dose-response relationship at any time after treatment. The accumulated cell productions were found to be similar in all groups when expressed by the number of stem cell doublings necessary to produce them. The findings cannot be explained by reproductive cell death and are consistent with the notion of a limited division capacity in hematopoietic stem cells.
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