Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The reactions of organic azides with fullerene have paved the way for the synthesis of adducts with a variety of structures. Treatment of fullerene with 2,2-dibenzyl-1,3-diazidopropane (10) in refluxing chlorobenzene afforded three products, namely, 8, 9, and 11 in 18, 25, and 11% yields, respectively. Thermolysis of 9a in refluxing chlorobenzene gave a 40:54:6 mixture of 8, 11, and C60 in quantitative yield. No interconversion between 8 and 11 was observed. Whereas 11 was stable towards thermolysis, 8 decomposed to C60 (35% yield) on refluxing in chlorobenzene for 24 h, but it did not produce any 11. This indicates that 9a is an intermediate in the formation of 8 and 11. A general mechanism for the addition of azides to C60 is proposed. A similar mechanistic pathway is suggested for the thermolysis of 9a.
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