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  • 1
    Keywords: brain ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; GENERATION ; SYSTEM ; liver ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; HEART ; COMPLEX ; COMPLEXES ; MECHANISM ; RAT ; PHOSPHORYLATION ; TARGET ; RAT-LIVER ; SUBUNIT ; MEMBRANE ; STRESS ; MODULATION ; MITOCHONDRIA ; OXYGEN ; antioxidants ; PROTEOMICS ; reactive oxygen species ; glutathione-S-transferase ; GENE-EXPRESSION PROFILE ; ageing ; GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS ; assembly ; proteome ; REACTIVE OXYGEN ; ROS ; CALORIE RESTRICTION ; SHORT-TERM ; COMPLEX-I ; MEMBRANE-PROTEINS ; CYTOCHROME-C-OXIDASE ; DIGE ; Species ; ROS PRODUCTION ; SHIFT ; RESPIRATORY-CHAIN
    Abstract: Mitochondria being the major source and target of reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a crucial role during ageing. We analyzed ageing and calorie restriction (CR)-induced changes in abundance of rat liver mitochondrial proteins to understand key aspects behind the age-retarding mechanism of CR. The combination of blue-native (BN) gel system with fluorescence Difference Gel Electrophoresis (DIGE) facilitated an efficient analysis of soluble and membrane proteins, existing as monomers or multi-protein assemblies. Changes in abundance of specific key subunits of respiratory chain complexes I, IV and V, critical for activity and/or assembly of the complexes were identified. CR lowered complex I assembly and complex IV activity, which is discussed as a molecular mechanism to minimize ROS production at mitochondria. Notably, the antioxidant system was found to be least affected. The GSH:GSSG couple could be depicted as a rapid mean to handle the fluctuations in ROS levels led by reversible metabolic shifts. We evaluated the relative significance of ROS generation against quenching. We also observed parallel and unidirectional changes as effect of ageing and CR, in subunits of ATP synthase, cytochrome P450 and glutathione S-transferase. This is the first report on such 'putatively hormetic' ageing-analogous effects of CR, besides the age-retarding ones
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19894137
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  • 2
    Keywords: molecular ; molecular biology ; aging ; RE ; MITOCHONDRIA ; MOLECULAR-BIOLOGY ; BIOLOGY ; ENGLAND
    Type of Publication: Meeting abstract published
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0921-8734
    Keywords: Ageing ; DNA damage ; DNA vulnerability ; Hepatocyte ; Hydrogen peroxide ; Single cell gel electrophoresis
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0827
    Keywords: Key words: Spontaneously hypertensive rat — Osteonecrosis — Caput femoris — Dietary restriction — Mechanical stress — Blood supply.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Physics
    Notes: Abstract. We investigated the effects of dietary restriction (DR), an experimental intervention known to suppress several strain-specific diseases, on the prevalence of osteonecrosis of the caput femoris in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). At 6 weeks of age, the food intake of DR rats was restricted to 65% of the mean intake of control rats fed ad libitum (AL). Acute osteonecrosis of the caput femoris without reparative tissue response (RTR) was observed at 10 and 15 weeks in both DR and AL groups; no such acute lesion was seen at 20 and 30 weeks. The prevalence of osteonecrosis, osteonecrosis with/without reparative tissue response was significantly reduced in DR rats at 15 and 20 weeks, but not at 10 weeks. DR reduced the body weight by 30% and the length of the femur by 10%. Ossification of the caput femoris, known to be delayed in AL rats compared with Wistar Kyoto rats, was also restored by DR. Our results showed that dietary restriction reduced the prevalence of osteonecrosis and modulated the mechanical factors involved in the lesion. They also indicate that utilization of dietary restriction is a useful research tool for investigating the underlying mechanisms of osteonecrosis of the caput femoris in SHR.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Key words Kidney ; Aging ; Heat shock protein 47 ; Collagen ; Rat (Fischer 344)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  To explore the possible role of heat shock protein (HSP) 47 in the age-related renal changes in Fischer 344 (F 344) rats, the expression of collagen-binding HSP47 with various proteins implicated in phenotypic modulation (α-smooth muscle actin, desmin, and vimentin) and fibrosis (type I, type III, and type IV collagens) was examined in young and old F 344 rat kidneys. Male F 344 rats often develop spontaneous nephropathy in old age. Kidneys obtained from 24-month-old F 344 rats showed glomerulosclerosis with marked tubulointerstitial damage including interstitial fibrosis, while no significant histological alteration was found in the kidneys of 6-month-old rats. Immunohistochemical analysis showed an increased accumulation of type I, type III, and type IV collagens in areas of glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis in old rat kidneys. In kidneys of young rats, collagen-binding HSP47 expression was weak in the glomeruli and occasionally seen in the interstitial cells. In contrast, strong immunostaining for HSP47 was noted in the glomeruli, tubular epithelial cells, and interstitial cells in kidneys of old rats. In addition, phenotypic alterations of mesangial cells and interstitial cells (immunopositive for α-smooth muscle actin), glomerular epithelial cells (immunopositive for desmin), and tubular epithelial cells (immunopositive for vimentin) were found in the kidneys of old F 344 rats. Double immunostaining showed that all these phenotypically altered renal cells express HSP47 and that increased expression of HSP47 was always associated with increased expression of collagens in the old rat kidneys. From the above observations, it is concluded that overexpression of HSP47 by phenotypically altered renal cells might play an important role in the excessive assembly of collagens and could thereby contribute to the glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis found in kidneys of aged F 344 rats.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1573-6865
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It has been shown that the expression of HSP47 and collagens is substantially increased in the sclerotic/fibrotic process in various organs, including kidney. However, the factors regulating the increased expression of HSP47 are not yet clear. In this study, we examined the effect of dietary restriction for the expression of collagens and collagen-binding HSP47 in the kidneys of 6- and 24-month-old male Fischer 344 (F 344) rats fed ad libitum or 30% diet-restricted. No significant histological alteration was found in the kidneys of 6-month-old fed or diet-restricted rats. Kidneys obtained from 24-month-old freely fed rats showed glomerulosclerosis with marked tubulointerstitial damage including interstitial fibrosis, while in the kidneys of 24-month-old diet-restricted rats, renal damage was remarkably less than those noted in 24-month-old freely fed rat kidneys. Immunohistochemical analysis showed an increased accumulation of type I, type III and type IV collagens in areas of glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis in old rat kidneys. Dietary restriction significantly reduces renal accumulation of collagens in old age. Aging enhanced expression of HSP47 in 24-month-old freely fed rat kidneys whereas dietary restriction suppressed its expression in 24-month-old diet-restricted rat kidneys. Also, phenotypic alterations of mesangial cells and interstitial cells (immunopositive for α-smooth muscle actin), glomerular epithelial cells (immunopositive for desmin) and tubular epithelial cells (immunopositive for vimentin) were seen in 24-month-old freely fed rat kidneys and found to express HSP47. Dietary restriction significantly diminished phenotypically altered renal cells in 24-month-old rat kidneys. Our results suggest that increased expression of HSP47 is associated with age-related renal damage and that diet-restricted alteration of its expression is associated with the modulation of age-associated renal sclerosis/fibrosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1437-7772
    Keywords: Key words Granulomatous mastitis ; Aspiration biopsy ; Breast cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report a case of a rare inflammatory disease, granulomatous lobular mastitis. Two weeks prior to admission the patient, a 43 year-old woman, (gravida 1, para 1) had noticed a left breast mass associated with tenderness. Palpation, gross inspection, and clinical examination, as well as the rapid growth of the mass lesion led us to believe that it was highly suspicious of malignant neoplasm. Mammography, ultrasonography, and computed tomography did not differentiate it from a malignant neoplasm. Aspiration cytology revealed an inflammatory lesion with a few clusters of epithelial cells it was diagnosed as borderline malignancy(class III) by a prudent pathologist, and thus mastectomy was performed. However, the final histologi-cal diagnosis was granulomatous lobular mastitis with no evidence of malignancy. As the clinical manifestations of granulomatous mastitis are similar to those of mammary carcinoma and, as it is an inflammatory lesion of uncertain etiology and pathogenesis, it has often been mistaken clinically for carcinoma and treated as such. Our review of the literature indicated that granulomatous mastitis most often occurs in young patients with a history of childbirth or oral contraceptive usage. Recurrence was documented in 38% of patients, and, accordingly long-term follow-up by aspiration cytology, complete resection, and adequate drug treatment with corticosteroids are recommended.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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