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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Plant Science 41 (1985), S. 179-183 
    ISSN: 0168-9452
    Keywords: cell suspension ; organogenesis ; protoplasts ; rice (Oryza sativa)
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Self-incompatibility ; Glycoprotein ; Electrofocusing ; Concanavalin A ; Peroxidase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary In the analysis of stigma glycoproteins by cellulose acetate electrofocusing in self-incompatible crucifers, the staining method of the glycoproteins, described in the earlier report, has been improved by using Con A — peroxidase reactions to obtain a permanent profile of band patterns which are visible under day-light conditions. Identifying S alleles by the corresponding S-glycoproteins can be facilitated by the present S-glycoprotein analysis.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Self-incompatibility ; Short-term high temperature ; Crucifers
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The effect of short-term high temperature on the expression of self-incompatibility was studied in detached flowers of Brassica oleracea, B. campestris and Raphanus sativus. The expression of self-incompatibility was repressed by treatment of pistils at 40 °C for 15 minutes. Treatment at 50 °C repressed self-incompatibility but it also disturbed pollen tube elongation into stylar tissue. S-glycoproteins did not show any quantitative changes during the intact pistil treatment under 50 °C. Callose was occasionally found in the treated papilla where the self pollen tube penetrated. The repressing effect of the 40 °C treatment was found to be reversible, and this reversibility depended upon the environmental temperature of plant. Plants grown at 15/5 °C (day/night temperature) completely recovered self-incompatibility 2 h after treatment, while those grown at 20/10°, 25/15 °C did not. The reversibility of the expression of self-incompatibility correlated with the distortion of plasma membrane in the papilla. It is considered that high temperature affects the pollen tube penetration system in pistils rather than the recognition system between pistils and pollen. The treatment of dehiscing anthers at 40 °C killed the pollen.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Theoretical and applied genetics 76 (1988), S. 665-668 
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Anther culture ; Protoplast fusion ; Rice (Oryza sativa L.) ; Somatic hybrid
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Somatic hybrid plants were obtained between rice cultivars ‘Yamahoushi’ and ‘Murasakidaikoku’. Since ‘Murasakidaikoku’ is a double mutant having both dominant (purple coloration) and recessive (dwarf) markers, the somatic hybrids can be easily distinguished from their parents. Protoplasts were isolated from anther-derived calli, and electrofused protoplasts were cultured without selection of hybrid cells. Out of 27 regenerated plants, 9 proved to be hybrids based on their purple coloration and normal plant type, traits which were identical to those of the sexual F1 hybrid between the same parental cultivars. The somatic hybrids included three diploid and six triploid plants. Segregation of parental markers was observed in the selfed progenies. These results demonstrated that diploid hybrids of rice could be obtained through somatic hybridization between haploid anther-derived cells instead of by sexual hybridization.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Brassica campestris ; S alleles ; SLG ; PCR-RFLP ; DNA polymorphism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Polymorphism of SLG (the S-locus glycoprotein gene) in Brassica campestris was analyzed by PCR-RFLP using SLG-specific primers. Nucleotide sequences of PCR products from 15 S genotypes were determined in order to characterise the exact DNA fragment sizes detected in the PCR-RFLP analysis. Forty-seven lines homozygous for 27 S-alleles were used as plant material. One combination of primers, PS5 + PS 15, which had a nucleotide sequence specific to a class-I SLG, gave amplification of a single DNA fragment of approximately 1.3kb from the genomic DNA of 15 S genotypes. All the DNA fragments showed different electrophroetic profiles from each other after digestion with MboI or MspI. Different lines having the same S genotype had an identical electrophoretic profile even between the lines collected in Turkey and in Japan. Another class-I SLG-specific primer, PS 18, gave amplification of a 1.3-kb DNA fragment from three other S genotypes in combination with PS 15, and the PCR product also showed polymorphism after cleavage with the restriction endonucleases. Genetic analysis, Southern-hybridization analysis, and determination of the nucleotide sequences of the PCR products suggested that the DNA fragments amplified with these combinations of primers are class-I SLGs. Expected DNA fragment sizes in the present PCR-RFLP condition were calculated from the determined nucleotide sequence of SLG PCR products. A single DNA fragment was also amplified from six S genotypes by PCR with a combination of primers, PS3 + PS21, having a nucleotide sequence specific to a class-II SLG. The amplified DNA showed polymorphisnm after cleavage with restriction endonucleases. The cleaved fragments were detected by Southern-hybridization analysis using a probe of S 5 SLG cDNA, a class-IISLG. Partial sequencing revealed a marked similarity of these amplified DNA fragments to a class-II SLG, demonstrating the presence of class-I and class-II S alleles also in B. campestris. The high SLG polymorphism detected by the present investigation suggests the usefulness of the PCR-RFLP method for the identification of S alleles in breeding lines and for listing S alleles in B. campestris.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Interspecific hybrid ; Onion ; Garlic ; Nascent embryo rescue ; Flavor precursors
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Interspecific hybrids between Allium cepa and Allium sativum were obtained using the fertile clone A. sativum as the male parent. The nascent embryos which formed shortly in interspecific hybridization between A. cepa and A. sativum were rescued by ovule culture at an early stage. The zygotes or proembryos developed in Murashige and Skoog medium containing 5.7×10-8 M indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Once developed, the embryos were taken out of the ovule and cultured on embryo culture medium where they regenerated into whole plants. The hybridity of the plants obtained was examined by morphological observation, chromosome analysis, and ribosomal RNA gene analysis. The analyses proved that the plants were mature sexual hybrids between A. cepa and A. sativum. Each hybrid plant had keeled but fistulose leaves and formed a bulb resembling that of A. cepa. The hybrids produced not only S-propenyl-l-cysteine sulfoxide, which is the major flavor precursor in A. cepa, but also S-allyl-l-cysteine sulfoxide (alliin), which is characteristic of A. sativum.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Brassica campestris  ;  S alleles  ;  SLG   ; PCR-RFLP  ;  DNA polymorphism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Polymorphism of SLG (the S-locus glycoprotein gene) in Brassica campestris was analyzed by PCR-RFLP using SLG-specific primers. Nucleotide sequences of PCR products from 15 S genotypes were determined in order to characterise the exact DNA fragment sizes detected in the PCR-RFLP analysis. Forty-seven lines homozygous for 27 S-alleles were used as plant material. One combination of primers, PS5+PS15, which had a nucleotide sequence specific to a class-I SLG, gave amplification of a single DNA fragment of approximately 1.3 kb from the genomic DNA of 15 S genotypes. All the DNA fragments showed different electrophroetic profiles from each other after digestion with MboI or MspI. Different lines having the same S genotype had an identical electrophoretic profile even between the lines collected in Turkey and in Japan. Another class-I SLG-specific primer, PS18, gave amplification of a 1.3-kb DNA fragment from three other S genotypes in combination with PS15, and the PCR product also showed polymorphism after cleavage with the restriction endonucleases. Genetic analysis, Southern-hybridization analysis, and determination of the nucleotide sequences of the PCR products suggested that the DNA fragments amplified with these combinations of primers are class-I SLGs. Expected DNA fragment sizes in the present PCR-RFLP condition were calculated from the determined nucleotide sequence of SLG PCR products. A single DNA fragment was also amplified from six S genotypes by PCR with a combination of primers, PS3+PS21, having a nucleotide sequence specific to a class-II SLG. The amplified DNA showed polymorphisnm after cleavage with restriction endonucleases. The cleaved fragments were detected by Southern-hybridization analysis using a probe of S 5 SLG cDNA, a class-IISLG. Partial sequencing revealed a marked similarity of these amplified DNA fragments to a class-II SLG, demonstrating the presence of class-I and class-II S alleles also in B. campestris. The high SLG polymorphism detected by the present investigation suggests the usefulness of the PCR-RFLP method for the identification of S alleles in breeding lines and for listing S alleles in B. campestris.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Brassica campestris ; Multicolor ; FISH ; Self-incompatibility ; S-glycoprotein (SLG) gene
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  The physical localization of the S-glycoprotein (SLG) locus in the chromosome of Brassica campestris L. ‘pekinensis’ cv ‘Kukai’ was visualized by multi-color fluorescent in situ hybridization (McFISH). ‘Kukai’, which is an F1 hybrid between two parental lines, T-17 and T-18, has two SLG genes from both T-17 and T-18. In this study, a 1.3-kb DNA fragment was amplified from the genomic DNA of T-17 by PCR using a set of primers specific to the class-I SLG. From the genomic DNA of T-18, no DNA fragment was amplified using these primers. In the genomic Southern hybridization, a cloned PCR product hybridized with the genomic DNA of T-17 or F1 but not with that of T-18. The PCR product had a sequence homology of approximately, 85% to another class-I SLG gene, SLG-9. Therefore, the PCR product from T-17 was named SLG-17, as it is thought to be a member of the class-I SLG. Using SLG-17 as the probe, FISH was carried out to visualize the position of the SLG locus. McFISH was also carried out simultaneously using the SLG-17 and SLG-9 genes as probes. The SLG-17 gene was detected as a doublet signal at the interstitial region close to the end of a small chromosome, with the signal site being identical to that of SLG-9. Therefore, it is concluded that the SLG-17 gene is localized at the interstitial region close to the end of the chromosome derived from T-17 in Brassica campestris L. ‘pekinensis’ cv ‘Kukai’.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-2145
    Keywords: S allele ; Glycoprotein ; SLG ; Self-incom ; patibility ; Brassica campestris
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary S-alleles of self-incompatibility were isolated from a wild population of Brassica campestris growing at Balcesme, Turkey. Out of 88 plants observed, 73 were self-incompatible and 4 were self-compatible. In certain families, selfed progenies from a self-incompatible plant segregated into fewer than three incompatibility classes, which is consistent with a one-locus sporophytic genetic control of self-incompatibility. Out of 25 combinations of S-alleles tested, dominance interactions were observed in 6 of them on the pollen side and on 5 of them on the stigma side. The 35 S-homozygotes thus isolated consisted of 18 independent S-alleles. The number of S-alleles in this population was estimated to be more than 30. The S-locus glycoproteins (SLGs) corresponding to the respective S-alleles were identified by iso-electric focusing (IEF)-gel immunoblotting with a polyclonal antiserum against SLG8. SLGs in a stigma were generally composed of several bands, one major and a few minor ones, whose molecular weight was similar to each other, and the major and minor bands were heritable in correlation with each other. SDS-PAGE analysis of SLGs differentiated a few juxtaposed bands between 50 and 60 kDa, and the variations in these bands were considered to be due to differences in the number of polysaccharide residues. General features of the variation of S-genes and their SLGs between the populations in Balcesme, Turkey and Oguni, Japan, were comparatively similar to one another, despite the different surroundings and history of these populations.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Self-incompatibility ; Brassica campestris ; Receptor-like kinase ; S multigene family ; Gene cluster
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Two self-incompatibility genes in Brassica, SLG and SRK (SLG encodes a glycoprotein; SRK encodes a receptor-like kinase), are included in the S multigene family. Products of members of the S multigene family have an SLG-like domain (S domain) in common, which may function as a receptor. In this study, three clustered members of the S multigene family, BcRK1, BcRL1 and BcSL1, were characterized. BcRK1 is a putative functional receptor kinase gene expressed in leaves, flower buds and stigmas, while BcRL1 and BcSL1 are considered to be pseudogenes because deletions causing frameshifts were identified in these sequences. Sequence and expression pattern of BcRK1 were most similar to those of the Arabidopsis receptor-like kinase gene ARK1, indicating that BcRK1 might have a function similar to that of ARK1, in processes such as cell expansion or plant growth. Interestingly, the region containing BcRK1, BcRL1 and BcSL1 is genetically linked to the S locus and the physical distance between SLG, SRK and the three S-related genes was estimated to be less than 610 kb. Thus the genes associated with self-incompatibility exist within a cluster of S-like genes in the genome of Brassica.
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