Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Serotonin ; Sleep apnea ; Retrofacial nucleus ; Nucleus ambiguus ; Cat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The purpose of this study was to test our hypothesis that the serotoninergic system plays a significant role in airway obstruction during sleep, by focusing on patterns of serotoninergic innervation of the medullary motoneurons involved in upper airway control. We used the combined techniques of retrograde labelling of motoneurons with unconjugated cholera toxin B and immunohistochemistry with antiserum against serotonin (5-HT). The retrograde tracers were injected into posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA), cricothyroid (CT), and genioglossal (GG) muscles of the cat. Motoneurons retrogradely labelled from PCA were identified ipsilateral to the injection site in the caudal part of nucleus ambiguus (NA). Serotonin immunoreactive terminals surrounded their somata and proximal dendrites, suggesting a strong influence of serotonin on the PCA-labelled motoneurons. Motoneurons retrogradely labelled from CT were located ipsilaterally in two distinct groups in the rostral NA and in the retrofacial nucleus (RFN). Selective peripheral nerve section revealed that the CT-labelled motoneurons in the NA had axons in the recurrent laryngeal nerve, whereas the other CT-labelled motoneurons in the RFN were innervated through the superior laryngeal nerve. In the RFN, the pattern of 5-HT innervation in relation to the CT-labelled motoneurons was analogous to that observed with the PCA-labelled motoneurons. In the NA, however, 5-HT terminals made few contacts with the CT-labelled motoneurons, although a dense network of 5-HT terminals was present in the surrounding region. In the GG-labelled motoneuron region of the hypoglossal nucleus, 5-HT terminals were apposed to distal dendrites, not to the soma, indicating less effect of serotonin on GG than on PCA activity. The present results demonstrated that the patterns of 5-HT innervation vary according to the type of motoneurons and their projections to the upper airway.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A generator of 81mKr was designed and tested. The parent nuclide 81Rb was produced by the 70 MeV proton induced reactions on a Rb2SO4 target. 81mKr was bubbled out with oxygen gas from the 81Rb solution, and collected in a reservoir for lung ventilation studies. The generator was continuously operated at the high flow rate up to 101/min. The generator efficiency was 86%. The collection rates in the reservoir were examined under several flow rates. The pure 81mKr isomer was observed with a NaI (T1) detector at the reservoir.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1437-7772
    Keywords: Key words Patterns of Care Study ; Cervix cancer ; Radiation therapy ; Elderly ; Process survey
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background. To improve the quality of radiation oncology in Japan, a Patterns of Care Study (PCS), a quality assurance program widely known in the United States, was introduced to Japan. In this study, the process, including work-up and treatment for uterine cervix cancer patients, was investigated to show nationwide variation by age. Methods. From July 1996 through February 1997, PCS extramural audits were performed for 29 institutions nationwide. Medical charts for 432 patients with uterine cervix cancer treated between 1992 and 1994 were reviewed based on the PCS data format used in the US. The processes of radiation therapy for these patients were compared in two age groups – those aged ≥75 years (n = 132) and those aged 〈75 years (n = 300). Results. There were significant differences by age group in medical background, indicating the fragility of the elderly and a relatively higher incidence of early-stage disease in the elderly by patient selection. Lower pelvic radiation doses were used for the elderly with advanced stage disease. There were no significant differences in unplanned breaks in external irradiation between the two age groups. Brachytherapy was used less commonly in the elderly group than in younger group (P = 0.0187). The dose range for brachytherapy did not show any significant difference between the two groups. Preliminary survival rates for the elderly were similar to those for the younger group. Conclusion. Radiation therapy was found to play an important role in the treatment of uterine cervix cancer in elderly as well as younger patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...