Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The reactions of 1-chloro- and 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzenes with aniline and 4-methylaniline in dimethyl sulphoxide are not base catalysed. When the nucleophile is 2-methylaniline, the reaction of the fluoro compound is base catalysed whereas that of the chloro compound is not. The reactions of 1-bromo-2-fluoro- and 1-bromo-2-chloro-3,5-dinitrobenzenes with both aniline and 2-methylaniline are not base catalysed. These results indicate that, in certain cases, the incidence or absence of base catalysis in aromatic nucleophilic substitution (SNAr) reactions in dipolar aprotic solvents results from an interplay of steric and electronic factors as they affect the magnitude of the (k2 + k3 [B])/k-1 ratio.
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