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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-7373
    Keywords: meningeal neoplasm ; glioma ; meningeal gliomatosis ; chemotherapy ; radiation therapy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To evaluate whether vigorous treatment is beneficial for patients with meningeal gliomatosis (MG) we reviewed the case records of 20 consecutive patients treated for a symptomatic MG in our center. All received systemic or intrathecal chemotherapy and six received additional cranial or spinal radiotherapy. Six patients (30%) achieved a partial response (one low-grade astrocytoma, two anaplastic astrocytomas, one anaplastic oligodendroglioma and two glioblastomas). In these cases, clinical improvement was associated with radiological improvement on CT scan or MRI in five and with a major cerebrospinal fluid improvement in three. Three patients (15%) were stable for 3 months or more and 11 (55%) had progressive disease. Median survival was longer for the responding patients (10 months) than for the other patients (2 months). This study suggests that some patients with MG may benefit from a treatment combining radiotherapy to symptomatic areas and chemotherapy with agents that cross the blood–brain barrier or are delivered directly into the CSF.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7373
    Keywords: glioma ; chemotherapy ; docetaxel
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of docetaxel in recurrent supratentorial malignant gliomas. The sample size of the study was determined by the Gehan's method for a response rate of 20% and a β error of 5%. In the first step 14 patients (age 27–69, median 50; Karnofsky index 50–90, median 75) with recurrent malignant glioma after surgery, radiotherapy and nitrosourea, were enrolled (12 glioblastomas, 2 anaplastic astrocytomas). Docetaxel at the initial dose of 80 mg/m2 was administered every 3 weeks until progression or unacceptable toxicity. A total of 41 cycles was administered. Patients received a median of two cycles (range 1–6). No complete or partial response was observed. Therefore, according to the design of the study, no additional patients were enrolled and the trial was terminated. Two stabilizations were observed (14 and 15 weeks). Median TTP was 7 weeks (44 days). Median overall survival from recurrence was 26.5 weeks (6.4 months). Grade 3–4 neutropenia was observed in 8 patients (57%) but no life-threatening toxicity was observed. Other toxicities were uncommon and mild. Dose reduction was performed in 5 patients. This study suggests that docetaxel displayed no significant activity in patients with malignant recurrent gliomas.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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